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European Integration and Development of Georgian Land Transport

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dc.contributor.author Sidamonidze, Davit
dc.contributor.author სიდამონიძე, დავით
dc.contributor.author Deisadze, Nana
dc.contributor.author დეისაძე, ნანა
dc.date.accessioned 2022-02-08T12:11:16Z
dc.date.available 2022-02-08T12:11:16Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.tsu.ge/xmlui/handle/123456789/1168
dc.description.abstract The study deals with the perspectives of development of land transport in Georgia on the path of European integration. European integration means a broader understanding of social, political, economic, cultural and legal integration of the European states, whose main driving force is the European Union. European integration is an important factor in the development of Eastern Partnership countries. It is therefore important to know about the Association Agreement, EU Transport Strategy and ongoing reforms in Georgia's Land Transport to analyze the results of the European Integration. The study presents the development of Georgia's land transport and its role in the European integration process with regard to the transport corridor. The theme is chosen by taking into account the actuality of the issue. The decrease in passenger and freight turnover in Georgia's land transport indicates that there are problems in this sector. To solve this problems, it is necessary to search for its origins, to evade the process of evolution, and to identify the factors that are responsible for the current situation. The aim of the work and the novelty is, to study public geographical aspects of Georgia's land transport, which covered the following objectives and issues: analysis of contemporary literature around Georgia's land transport search and explanation of the causal links; Parallels between past and present are allocating the main trends and aspects that have changed. Also, it is aimed to identify the factors, that will facilitate European integration. One of the main objectives of the study is the assessment of adequacy, with respect to the aims of the actions implemented in the process of Euro- integration; Taking into account the effect of real environmental conditions, to which degree is it possible to achieve results in this direction? A systematic approach is used as a research methodology. The transport sector is considered as a single system with internal and external factors in complex and dynamic - continuous time and space. In analyzing the system of time and space, the advantages of the analysis of the secondary documents are given. Using the method of analysis, the fact is that the study of the documents should be taken into consideration with other factors identified at the same time. Also, when using the method of analyzing the document, the importance of the basic criteria (authenticity, accuracy, legitimacy, importance) of the document's validity and reliability are given. The transport location of Georgia can be viewed in the theoretical context of the location / location theory. The theory associated with the geographical location of economic activity is the most important part of economic geography, regional science and spatial economy. The Locations Theory answers questions on which economic activities are located where and why. In 2011, the European Commission issued a document titled "White Paper on Transport", which represents the core strategy of the EU in terms of transport development. The goal of the document is to prepare the European transport space in the future, to develop its competitive and sustainable transport system, for this purpose the EU's objectives are: • Increase transport and mobility at the expense of 60% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; • Establishment of multi-modal urban travel and transport system; • Development of an effective network of continental trade and shore travel; • Clean urban transport; • Product transportation costs are minimal. Unfortunately, the interviews with transport experts show, that Georgia is still unable to fulfill its obligations. For example, the representatives of Hub Georgia stressed that the EU transport policy document is the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in Europe by 60% in comparison with 1990, but by the Paris Agreement, Georgia submitted its official document - NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution), where transport is not even mentioned. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi state university, Faculty of social and political sciences en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries The 7th international scientific conference "Space, Society, Politics";
dc.subject European integration en_US
dc.subject land transport of Georgia en_US
dc.subject Georgian road transport en_US
dc.subject pipeline transport of Georgia en_US
dc.subject Georgian Railway en_US
dc.subject international transport corridor en_US
dc.subject Association Agreement en_US
dc.subject "White Paper on Transport" en_US
dc.subject ევროინტეგრაცია en_US
dc.subject საქართველოს სახმელეთო ტრანსპორტი en_US
dc.subject საქართველოს საავტომობილო ტრანსპორტი en_US
dc.subject საქართველოს მილსადენი ტრანსპორტი en_US
dc.subject საქართველოს რკინიგზა en_US
dc.subject საერთაშორისო სატრანსპორტო დერეფანი en_US
dc.subject ასოცირების შეთანხმება en_US
dc.subject "ტრანსპორტის თეთრი წიგნი" en_US
dc.title European Integration and Development of Georgian Land Transport en_US
dc.title.alternative ევროინტეგრაცია და საქართველოს სახმელეთო ტრანსპორტის განვითარება en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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