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Ethno-demographic processes and ethnic conflicts in Georgia (ეთნოდემოგრაფიული პროცესები და ეთნოკონფლიქტები საქართველოში)

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dc.contributor.author Khmaladze (ხმალაძე), Merab (მერაბ)
dc.contributor.author Chitaladze (ჩიტალაძე), Ketevan (ქეთევან)
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-02T11:40:27Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-02T11:40:27Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Economics and Business, №2, 2020, pp. 176-185 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1987-5789
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.tsu.ge/xmlui/handle/123456789/1564
dc.description  Akhalaia N. (2009). Goris mosakhleobis statistikur-ekonomikuri kvleva. [The Population of the Town of Gori. Statistical and Dempgraphic Study. Tbilisi, “Universal” Publishing House, pp. 120-127.] in Georgian  Antadze K. (1973). Sakartvelos mosakhleoba XIX saukuneshi. [Population of Georgia in XIX C., Tbilisi, “Ganatleba” Publishing House ,pp. 83-139.] in Georgian  Totadze A. (1999). Sakartvelos mosakhleoba meore da mesame atastsleulebis mijnaze. [Population of Georgia On the Turn of the II and III Millennia. Tbilisi, “Samshoblo” Publishing House, pp. 215-274.] in Georgian  Totadze A. (2006). osebi sakartveloshi. miti da realoba. [The Ossetians in Georgia, the Myth and reality. Tbilisi, “Universal” Publishing House, pp. 28-33.] in Georgian  Totadze A. (1993). sakartvelos demograpiuli portreti. [Demographic Picture of Georgia. Tbilisi, “Samshoblo” Publishing House, pp. 60-65.] in Georgian  Totadze A. (1994) Naseleniye Abkhazii. Osetiny v Gruzii .[The Populations of Abkhazia and Ossetia in Georgia. Tbilisi, “Samshoblo” Publishing House pp. 9-12.] in Georgian  Sakartvelos mosakhleobis erovnuli shemadgenloba (1991). [The Ethnic Makeup of the Georgian Population. Statistics. Tbilisi. “Center” Publishing House, pp. 5-12.] in Georgian  sakartvelos mosakhleobis 2002 tslis pirveli erovnuli saqoveltao aghtseris shedegebi. [Results of the 2002 Census of the Georgian Population. V I, Tbilisi, 2003. “Center” Publishing House, pp. 100-111.] in Georgian  Jaoshvili V. (1984) sakartvelos mosakhleoba XVIII- XX saukuneshi. [Georgian Population in XVIII-XX Centuries, Tbilisi, “Metsniereba” Publishing House, pp. 90-98.] in Georgian  Jaoshvili V. (1996) sakartvelos mosakhleoba. [Population of Georgia. Tbilisi, “Metsniereba” Publishing House, pp. 80-92.] in Georgian  Khmaladze M. (1995). sakartvelos mosakhleobis aghts’armoebis k’anonzomierebebi da ek’onomik’uri shedegebi. [The Principles of Reproduction of the Georgian Population and its Economic Effects. Tbilisi. Doctoral dissertation. pp. 161-377.] in Georgian en_US
dc.description.abstract In the 1990s, the ethnic conflicts incited by Russia were directed against the secession and formation of Georgia from the Soviet Empire as an independent state. The negative consequences of these ethnic conflicts still have a negative impact on Georgia. The purpose of writing this paper was to investigate whether the ongoing ethno-demographic processes in Georgia were one of the causes of the conflict. For this purpose, based on the historical and modern statistical information related to the problem, we have established that the ongoing ethno-demographic processes in Georgia from the 19th to the 1990s cannot be the cause of ethno-conflicts. Historically, the population of Abkhazian and Ossetian nationalities lived in a better demographic situation than Georgians. According to the latest statistics of 1959-1979 years, Georgians were characterized by low birth rates and high mortality rates compared to Abkhazians and Ossetians, which led to a high natural increase in them compared to Georgians. Due to the demographic situation, Georgians had more conflict situation. It is clear that neither Abkhazians nor Ossetians had limited their demographic development. Consequently, ethno-demographic processes could not be the cause of ethnic conflicts. These conflicts were not ethno-conflicts. This was Russia’s aggression against Georgia’s state independence. After the 2008 military conflict between Russia and Georgia, Russia openly occupied Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region, which is still under the control of Russia. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Press en_US
dc.subject Ethnic statistics; censuses; natural increase; ethno-demographic processes; ethnic conflicts en_US
dc.title Ethno-demographic processes and ethnic conflicts in Georgia (ეთნოდემოგრაფიული პროცესები და ეთნოკონფლიქტები საქართველოში) en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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