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The scientific-research system of Georgia in international evaluations and some directions of its improvement (საქართველოს სამეცნიერო-კვლევითი სისტემა საერთაშორისო შეფასებებში და მისი გაუმჯობესების ზოგიერთი მიმართულება)

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dc.contributor.author Gagnidze (გაგნიძე), Ineza (ინეზა)
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-06T09:38:11Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-06T09:38:11Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Economics and Business, №4, 2020, pp. 89-112 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1987-5789
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.tsu.ge/xmlui/handle/123456789/1589
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Marketing and Management of Innovations. UDC 378.147:33, pp.281-293; http://doi.org/10.21272/ mmi.2019.1-23  Leydesdorff L. (2012). The Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations, Forthcoming in: Elias Carayannis and David Campbell (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship, New York: Springer. Available at SSRN: https:// ssrn.com/abstract=1996760 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1996760  Natsvlishvili I. (2019). Alternative Approaches for Research Assessment Strategies in the Business of Higher Education. Proceedings of the International Internet Conference “Business Strategy: Futurological Challenges”. Kyiv, pp. 451-457.  Nuttall G. (2018 10 May). The Revolution Is Coming Are We Ready; https://www.nicva. org/article/the-revolution-is-coming-are-we-ready /Last seen 8 November, 2020/  Project “Enhancing EaP-EU Cooperation in R&I through Comparative Analyses of EaP National Research Systems” https://www.inovdev.ge /Accessed 8 November, 2020/  Rasmussen E., Wright M. (2015) “How Can Universities Facilitate Academic Spinoffs? An Entrepreneurial Competency Perspective’, The Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 40 No. 5, pp.782-799.  Reskilling for the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Formulating a European Strategy. Dittrich, P.J. Jacques Dolores Institut, Berlin, Policy Paper 175, 3 November 2016. https://institutdelors.eu/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/digitalskill-jdib-nov2016. pdf /Last seen 8 November, 2020/  Schwab K., Zahidi, S. 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(2018). “Rethink University system: towards Entrepreneurial University” V International Symposium “Cocreating Responsible Futures in the Digital Age”, Naples, Italy, pp.210-211. http://bslab-symposium.net/Napoli-2018/ BOA-BSLAB-Symposium-2018.pdf  World Economic Forum; The Global Competitiveness Report 2018, Country/Economy Profiles, Georgia https://www.weforum.org/reports/the-global-competitveness- report-2018  World Economic Forum; The Global Competitiveness Report 2018, Country/Economy Profiles, Georgia http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2019. pdf  Zaalishvili L. (2018). umaghlesi saganmanatleblo dawseebulebebis professor-maswavleblebis kvleviti produqtiuloba sakartveloshi. [The research productivity of professors of higher education institutions in Georgia. Ilia State University. Tb. Master Thesis] in Georgian. http://eprints.iliauni.edu.ge/8575/ en_US
dc.description.abstract The rapid and leapfrogging development of the world economy is linked to the Fourth Industrial Revolution. It is estimated that “across all industries, by 2022, growth in emerging professions is set to increase their share of employment from 16% to 27% (11% growth)” (WEF FJR 2018, viii), “57% of workplaces in OECD countries will be at risk of automation” (Nuttall, 2018), “by one popular estimate, 65% of children entering primary school today will ultimately end up working in completely new job types that don’t yet exist” (WEF FJ 2016, 3). Such predictions give researchers the basis for announcing Reskilling Revolution (WEF, 2018; RFIR, 2016). It can be said with high probability that scientific research can’t be replaced by artificial intelligence. A part of the research funded by the European Union is given in the article and the scientific-research system of Georgia in international indicators together with the Eastern Partnership Countries is discussed. In 1996-2019, Georgia was third among the Eastern Partnership Countries after Ukraine (42nd place) and Belarus (67th place). It should be noted that Belarus and Georgia have an equal H index (184, despite the difference of 18 positions in the overall ranking), but Armenia has a better indicator (190). The innovation opportunities of Georgia are analyzed based on reports of the World Economic Forum for 2018-2019. Georgia has a good position with none of the indicators, but a special failure is in the first of them. The country turned out to be in the second hundreds with three indicators from four in the list. The reason for this is the lack of necessary connections for the formation of the knowledge triangle, the triple spiral and the innovative ecosystem (between the State, Business, Science and Education) in defining education policy. The analysis presented in the article is based on studies conducted in Georgia on the productivity of scientific research. There have been offered the ways to improve the situation, in particular: introduction of minimum requirements for TSU Academic Staff based on appropriate incentives; increasing the volume of funding for scientific research from the State and Universities; funding must be provided according to thematic competitions (Encourage Teamwork), as well as focusing on the achieved result (Encourage Individualism); funding must be directed to the development interests of the sectors of Country’s economy; encouraging the membership in the international scientific community, research and publication with a foreign colleague, membership in the editorial board of international scientific journals, reviewing, participation in international conferences and others. en_US
dc.language.iso ge en_US
dc.publisher Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Press en_US
dc.subject Eastern Partnership countries, scientific research system, global competitiveness, innovation opportunity, entrepreneurial university en_US
dc.title The scientific-research system of Georgia in international evaluations and some directions of its improvement (საქართველოს სამეცნიერო-კვლევითი სისტემა საერთაშორისო შეფასებებში და მისი გაუმჯობესების ზოგიერთი მიმართულება) en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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