DSpace Repository

The main directions of overcoming retroeconomics in Georgian industry (რეტროეკონომიკის დაძლევის ძირითადი მიმართულებები საქართველოს მრეწველობაში)

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Sanadze (სანაძე), Giorgi (გიორგი)
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-13T11:13:50Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-13T11:13:50Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Economics and Business, №2, 2021, pp. 95-108 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1987-5789
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.tsu.ge/xmlui/handle/123456789/1627
dc.description • Papava V. (2018). damtsevi da chamorchenili zrda – evrokavshiris postkomunisturi kveknebis gamocdileba da saqartvelo [Catching up abd Falling Behind: the Experience of the Post-Communist Countries of the European Union and Georgia.] Expert Opinion, № 99. Tbilisi, GFSIS. in Georgian. • <https://www.gfsis.org/files/library/opinion-papers/99-expert-opinion-geo.pdf>. • Papava V. (2020). aratraditsiuli ekonomiksi [Unconvenrional Economics]. Tbilisi, Publishing of Paata Gugushvili Insistute of Economics]. in Georgian. • Sanadze G. (2020). “maghalteqnologiuri adamiani” rogorc inovatsiuri ekonomikis universaluri adamianiseuli faqtori [“High-Technological Man” – The Key Human Factor of Innovative Economy.] Economist. № 4, pp. 109-117. in Georgian. <https:// ekonomisti.tsu.ge/?cat=nomer&leng=ge&adgi=561>. • SSES (2012). Sagareo-ekonomikuri saqmianobis erovnuli sasaqonlo nomenklatura (HS 2012) [Harmonised Comodity Description and Coding Systems (HS 2012).] Tbilisi, National Statistics Office of Georgia. in Georgian. <https://www.geostat.ge/media/ 13418/12-HS-2012_GEO.pdf>. • SSES (2019a). erovnuli angarishebi [National Accounts. ] Tbilisi, National Statistics Office of Georgia. in Georgian. <https://www.geostat.ge/ka/modules/categories/ 23/mtliani-shida-produkti-mshp>. • SSES (2019b). sagareo vachroba. Damamushavebeli mretsvelobis produqtsiis importi da eqsporti [International Trade. Import and Export of Manufacturing Products]. Tbilisi, National Statistics Office of Georgia. in Georgian. • SSES (2020a). biznes registri [Business Register.] Tbilisi, National Statistics Office of Georgia. in Georgian • <https://www.geostat.ge/ka/modules/categories/64/biznes-registri>. • SSES (2020b). produqtsiis klasifikatsia sakmianobis saxeebis mikhedvit (CPA 2008) [Classification of Products by Activity] (CPA 2008). Tbilisi, National Statistics Office of Georgia. in Georgian. <https://www.geostat.ge/media/30987/CPA-2008_Geo.pdf>. • Anderson R. E. 2004. Get Out of the Way: How Government Can Help Business in Poor Countries. Washington, D.C., CATO Institute. • Frankel J. (2020). “The Pandemic Pain of Emerging Markets.” Project Syndicate – The World’s Opinion Page, July 31, <https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/ covid19-will-hit-emerging-and-developing-economies-hardest-by-jeffrey-frankel- 2020-07?a_la=english&a_d=5f240c4df2873622d0eb736b&a_m=&a_a=click&a_ s=&a_p=%2Farchive&a_li=covid19-will-hit-emerging-and-developing-economieshardest- by-jeffrey-frankel-2020-07&a_pa=archive-results&a_ps=&a_ms=&a_ r=&barrier=accesspaylog>. • Howitt P. (2000). “Endogenous Growth and Cross-Country Income Differences.” The American Economic Review, Vol. 90, No. 4, pp. 829-846, <https://fadep.org/ wp-content/uploads/2016/10/D-27_ENDOGENOUS_GROWTH_AND_CROSS-COUNTRY_ INCOME_DIFFERENCES.pdf>. • Papava V. (1996). “The Georgian Economy: From “Shock Therapy” to “Social Promotion”.” Communist Economies & Economic Transformation, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 251-267. • Papava V. (2017a). “Retroeconomics – Moving from Dying to Brisk Economy.” Journal of Reviews on Global Economics, Vol. 6, pp. 455-462, <www.lifescienceglobal.com/ independentjournals/journal-of-reviews-on-global-economics/volume-6/85-abstract/ jrge/2929-abstract-retroeconomics-moving-from-dying-to-brisk-economy>. • Papava V. (2017b). “Retroeconomics – Global Challenge for Economic Development.” The Market Oracle, February 9, <http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article58104. html>. • Papava V., Khaduri N. (1997). “On the Shadow Political Economy of the Post-Communist Transformation. An Institutional Analysis.” Problems of Economic Transition, Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 15-34. • Parente S., Prescott E. (2000). Barriers to Riches. Cambridge, MIT Press. • Балацкий E. (2003). «Экономический рост и технологические ловушки». Обшество и економика, № 11. in Russian • Балацкий Е. В. (2010). «Роль оптимизма в инновационном развитии экономики». Общество и экономика, № 1, cc. 3-20. in Russian • Балацкий E. (2012). «Институциональные и технологические ловушки». Журнал экономической теории, № 2, cc. 48-63. in Russian • Дементьев В. (2006). «Ловушка технологических заимствований и условия ее преодоления в двухсекторной модели экономики». Экономика и математические методы, Том 42, Вып. 4, сс. 17-32. in Russian • Папава В. (2020). «Об экономическом росте в посткоммунистических странах Восточной Европы». Экономика и Математические Методы. Том 56. №1, сс. 34-43. en_US
dc.description.abstract The article describes some of the specifications of different types of opportunities in order to better eliminate retroeconomics in Georgia. The term “Retroeconomics” is produced through the combining of the following two words: “retro”, which in Latin means “back to the past” and “economy”. Consequently, this concept refers an economy based on backward technology. The relevant conditions that contribute to the strengthening of the retroeconomy are quite firmly represented in the industrial sector of Georgia. The list of countries with weak economy have widely used or consuming outdated technological means in their industrial sector. Although, the use of backward technology at the initial stage can cause an illusion of development of the business environment. But when it has met international competition there is no chance to get success in this order for such kind of production. Based on all of above mentioned, the elimination of retroeconomics is a very difficult but in same time n important necessity for Georgian industry. In order to minimize the negative effects of retroeconomics in the country, it is necessary to: • Relevant decision-makers should be clearly analyze the circumstances under which it is inconceivable to take significant effective steps without the active intervention of the country’s government. • The policy of innovative enterprenership and other relevant institutional measures in Georgia should be aimed at overcoming technological backwardness. • The most important direction in tackling retroeconomics is to promote and strengthen the educational system in the country, including system of higher education. • Minimize the market from non-viable enterprises, identify insolvent enterprises and assess their viability. Today, there are many companies and / or enterprises in Georgia that create products for which the demand is either very low or they can not compete in the world market due to the fact that the production process is carried out with outdated technology. en_US
dc.language.iso ge en_US
dc.publisher Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Press en_US
dc.subject Industry, Retroeconomics, Technological backward, Modern technologies, Technology trap, Homo Soveticus, Homo Transformaticus en_US
dc.title The main directions of overcoming retroeconomics in Georgian industry (რეტროეკონომიკის დაძლევის ძირითადი მიმართულებები საქართველოს მრეწველობაში) en_US
dc.type Article en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Article
    An article in a journal, magazine, newspaper. Not necessarily peer-reviewed. May be an electronic-only medium, such as an online journal or news website.

Show simple item record

Search DSpace

Advanced Search


My Account