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Decentralization for local economic development (დეცენტრალიზაცია ადგილობრივი ეკონომიკური განვითარებისთვის)

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dc.contributor.author Uglava (უგლავა), Kristine (ქრისტინე)
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-16T08:55:06Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-16T08:55:06Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation Economics and Business, №4, 2021, pp. 119-140 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1987-5789
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.tsu.ge/xmlui/handle/123456789/1673
dc.description • Local Economic Development in Post-Crises Situations (Operational Guide) International Labour Organization (ILO), 2004. https://www.ilo.org/empent/Publications/ WCMS_112267/lang--en/index.htm /last seen 12 November, 2021) • World Bank, GWEN SWINBURN, SORAYA GOGA & FERGUS MURPHY (2006). LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: A PRIMER DEVELOPING AND IMPLEMENTING LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES AND ACTION PLANS • https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/763491468313739403/pdf/ 337690REVISED0ENGLISH0led1primer.pdf/ last seen 12 November, 2021/ • Losaberidze D., Kandelaki K., Abuladze M., Konjaria O. (2016). “adgilobrivi tvitmmartveloba” [“Local Self-Governance” (GuideBook for Students), Green Caucasus, Tbilisi.] in Georgian • sakartvelos parlamentis biujetis analizis ganqopileba (2021). (2021). avtonomiuri respublikebis 2020 tslis respublikuri biujetebis shesrulebisa da sakartvelos munitsipalitetebis 2020 tslis biujetebis shesrulebis mimokhilva [Parliamentary Budget Office of Georgia, Budget Analysis Division, Overview of the Execution of the 2020 Republican Budgets of the Autonomous Republics and the Execution of the 2020 Budgets of the Municipalities of Georgia.] in Georgian • http://pbo.parliament.ge/media/k2/attachments/2020_avtonom.pdf?fbclid=IwAR3lBg5mVrn78bhEFrWoWkURkgRZ_ 2bDvEGW_YRCtD4luijg2P9hhj72fck /last seen 12 November, 2021/ • sakartvelos konstitutsia [Constitution of Georgia] in Georgian • www.matsne.gov.ge /last seen 2021/ • sakartvelos organuli kanoni - adgilobrivi tvitmmartvelobis kodeksi [Organic Law of Georgia - Local Self-Government Code.] in Georgian www.matsne.gov.ge /last seen 2021/ • sakartvelos kanoni - sakartvelos sabiujet’o kodeksi [Law of Georgia - Budget Code of Georgia.] in Georgian www.matsne.gov.ge /last seen 2021/ • sakartvelos sagadasakhado kodeksi [Tax Code of Georgia] in Georgian www. matsne.gov.ge /last seen 2021/ • sakartvelos mtavrobis dadgenileba N678 (2019, 31. 12). detsentralizatsiis 2020- 2025 tslebis strategiisa da detsentralizatsiis strategiis gankhortsielebis 2020-2021 tslebis samokmedo gegmis damtkitsebis shesakheb. [Resolution of the Government of Georgia N678 (2019, 31. 12) on approval of the Decentralization Strategy 2020-2025 and the Action Plan for the Implementation of the Decentralization Strategy 2020-2021.] in Georgian • www.matsne.gov.ge /last seen 2021/ • adgilobrivi tvitmmartveloba adgilobrivi ekonomikuri ganvitarebistvis - sachiroebata kvleva. (2018). sakartvelos adgilobriv tvitmmartvelobata erovnuli asotsiatsia (NALAG). [Local Governance for Local Economic Development - Needs Assessment. (2018). National Association for Local Authorities of Georgia (NALAG).]in Georgian • http://nala.ge/uploaded/nala/2018-12/20181227085949348677678.pdf /last seen 12 November, 2021/ • Triyowati H. (2011). The Mapping of Local Economic Development in Decentralized Governance Era, https://www.trijurnal.lemlit.trisakti.ac.id/index.php/ber/article/ view/5 / /last seen 12 November, 2021/ • Nasser W., Donsimoni M. (2014). Local Governance, Decentralization and Local Economic Development; •https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281567153_Local_governance_decentralization_and_local_economic_development /last seen 12 November, 2021/ • Litvack J. - World Bank, Decentralization Thematic Team, The Online Sourcebook on Decentralization and Local Development; general Information - What is Decentralization? • http://www.ciesin.org/decentralization/English/General/Different_forms.html / last seen 12 November, 2021/ • https://www.mof.ge/5261 / /last seen 12 November, 2021/ en_US
dc.description.abstract An important strategic method to achieve Sustainable Development Goals faster in the country is the applying Local Economic Development approach (LED approach), for which it is necessary to have the preconditions in the country provided through decentralization processes. This paper presents: an analysis of the role of decentralization for successful implementation of the Local Economic Development approach in Georgia; a general overview of the current situation, problems and challenges in Georgia; an assessment of relevant implemented reforms and problem solving ways. Since 2010, changes have been made in all directions of decentralization in Georgia ( for political, administrative, economic and fiscal decentralization). However, despite the progress, the situation shows that many more reforms is needed to be carried out in order to involve local self-governments in the processes of local social and economic development and, moreover, to make them becoming initiators of Local Economic Development processes. It is noted that the current legislation of Georgia does not clearly separate the role of municipalities in supporting entrepreneurship and stimulating economic development at the local level, neither in their own, exclusive nor in the delegated powers of municipalities. Performing functions related to socioeconomic development depends only on the willingness, desire and initiative of the local governments. In addition, municipalities have poor property and own revenues in local budgets, and consequently, as a result of such conditions, the role of Georgian municipalities in local social and economic development is not important. Problems related to low level of institutional capacity of municipalities and low qualified human resources, which are considered as a threat of decentralization, are also a major obstacle for the applying of this holistic strategic approach - Local Economic Development in municipalities of Georgia. Therefore, mitigating the threats of decentralization and implementing policies to strengthen and support the capacity of local governments will significantly increase the effectiveness of Local Economic Development policies and strategies in Georgia. en_US
dc.language.iso ge en_US
dc.publisher Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Press en_US
dc.subject Local Economic Development (LED), Decentralization, Strengthening Local Governments, Municipal Budget, Reforms, Fiscal Decentralization, Holistic-strategic approach en_US
dc.title Decentralization for local economic development (დეცენტრალიზაცია ადგილობრივი ეკონომიკური განვითარებისთვის) en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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