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საქართველოს სახელმწიფოებრივი დამოუკიდებლობის აღდგენის ისტორიისათვის (1918 წლის 26 მაისი)

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dc.contributor.author შველიძე/ Shvelidze, დიმიტრი/ Dimitri
dc.date.accessioned 2023-01-16T11:52:50Z
dc.date.available 2023-01-16T11:52:50Z
dc.date.issued 2022
dc.identifier.citation საქართველოს ისტორიის ინსტიტუტის შრომები, XVIII, თბილისი, 2022, გვ. 330-371/ Institute of Georgian History Proceedings, XVIII, Tbilisi, 2022, pp. 330-371 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1987–9970
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.tsu.ge/xmlui/handle/123456789/2072
dc.description https://geohistory.humanities.tsu.ge/ge/procedings/83-shromebi/177-shromebi-18.html en_US
dc.description.abstract The struggle for the restoration of Georgia's state independence was a long process. This national movement had several stages and entered a decisive phase after the overthrow of the Russian monarchy. The Georgian political elite gradually implemented the steps leading to independence and they are as follows: 1. After the overthrow of the Russian monarchy, the inter-party council became the leading body of the Georgian national movement. The creation and functioning of the national inter-party council was the first stage of the struggle for Georgian statehood. Chronological framework or the first stage is April 1917-November 1917. 2. From November 1917, with the creation of the Transcaucasian Commissariat and the National Council, the second stage of the movement for statehood began in Georgia – this was a period of political autonomy for Georgia. 3. The capture of Tbilisi arsenal in December 1917 and the successful defense operations of January-February, 1918 were the start of the third stage of the struggle for Georgia's independence albeit as a part of Transcaucasian state. This was finally formalized with the establishment of the Transcaucasian Diet and achievement of de facto independence of Transcaucasia – Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia were now de facto free countries. Transcaucasian Sejm appeared as a union of three de facto independent political units loosely connected with each other as a part of confederal state. 4. With the creation of the Democratic Federal Republic of Transcaucasia and the declaration of independence, the fourth and final stage of the movement for the independence of Georgia began, which ended up with the declaration of independence of Georgia and the creation of the first republic. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship სტატია შესრულებულია შოთა რუსთაველის ეროვნული სამეცნიერო ფონდის ფუნდამენტუ-რი კვლევების 2022 წლის გრანტით გათვალისწინებული პროექტის "საქართველოს პირველი რესპუბლიკა" ფარგლებში. en_US
dc.language.iso ge en_US
dc.publisher ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა en_US
dc.subject საქართველოს დემოკრატიული რესპუბლიკა en_US
dc.subject პოლიტიკური პარტიები en_US
dc.subject დამოუკიდებლობის აღდგენა en_US
dc.title საქართველოს სახელმწიფოებრივი დამოუკიდებლობის აღდგენის ისტორიისათვის (1918 წლის 26 მაისი) en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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