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Bulgaria in European integration process

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dc.contributor.author Putkaradze, Ramaz
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-20T11:54:38Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-20T11:54:38Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation VI International Scientific Conference: "Challenges of Globalization in Economics and Business", Tbilisi, 2021, pp. 354-362 en_US
dc.identifier.isbn 978-9941-491-35-1
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.tsu.ge/xmlui/handle/123456789/906
dc.description 1. Bulgaria and the Enlargement of the European Union. (2000). Retrieved from https://www.europarl.europa.eu/enlargement/briefings/6a3_en.htm 2. A growing population except for 2020. (2020). Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/digpub/demography/bloc-1a.html?lang=en] 3. ფუტკარაძე რ. (2010). საქართველო–ევროკავშირის სავაჭრო–ეკონომიკური ურთიერთობები: პრობლემები და პერსპექტივები. თბილისი, ,,უნივერსალი’’. 4. Chania M. Putkaradze R. (2018). The Priorities of Georgian Economic Development in Conditions of Globalization. European Journal of Marketing and Economics. v. 1, n. 1, p. 63-66. 5. Putkaradze R. (2015). Historical Aspects of Trade and Economic Relations between Georgia and the European Union. ZeszytyNaukowe UNIWERSYTETU PRZYRODNICZO-HUMANISTYCZNEGO w SIEDLCACH Seria: AdministracjaiZarządzanie. Scientific Journal, Nr 107. 6. Putkaradze R. (2019). Georgia in the European Union’s Eastern Partnership Countries: Historical Aspects and Challenges. Ecoforum Journal. Volume 8, Issue 1(18). 7. European Commission. (2017). Panorama N60. Bulgaria and Romania celebrate 10 years in the EU. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. 8. World Bank Statistics (2021): GDP, GDP per capita. 9. World Justice Project. (2021). Rule of Law Index 2021. Washington. Retrieved from https://worldjusticeproject.org/sites/default/files/documents/WJP-INDEX_2021.pdf 10. Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2020 https://www.transparency.org/en/cpi/2020/index/bgr 11. Heritage Foundation (2020). Retrieved from https://www.heritage.org/index/ranking. https://www.heritage.org/index/country/bulgaria 12. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank. Doing Business 2020. (2020). Washington. Retrieved from https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/32436/9781464814402.pdf 13. სტატისტიკის ეროვნული სამსახური (საქსტატი). (2020). საქართველოს საგარეო ვაჭრობა. Retrieved from https://www.geostat.ge/media/39340/External-Merchandise-Trade-2020_publication-2021.pdf 14. Bulgaria (2021). Retrieved from https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/countries/member-countries/bulgaria_en 15. Basilia T., Silagadze A., Chikvaidze T. (2001) Post-Socialistic transformation: Georgian economy at the threshold of the XXI century. Tbilisi (in Georgian). 16. პაპავა ვ., სილაგაძე ა. (2018) ერთი საკვანძო ეკონომიკური ტერმინის – “Gross Domestic Product”- ის ქართული სახელწოდების შესახებ. ,,ეკონომიკა და ბიზნესი“, ტ. 11, N1. en_US
dc.description.abstract The paper analyzes economic indicators and some of the peculiarities of Bulgaria’s, one of the EU member states, economic development. Historical and contemporary aspects of Bulgaria are presented in the paper. It is concluded that Bulgaria’s economic performance and economic situation have significantly improved over the past 14 years. Overall, the country has made significant progress. The further goals of the country are to join the Shengen zone and the eurozone. Communist domination of the former People’s Republic of Bulgaria ended in 1990. Bulgaria applied for membership of the European Union on 18 December 1995. After the collapse of the socialist system, economic reforms and a large-scale fight against corruption began in Bulgaria. Joining the European Union became the country’s top foreign priority. Romania became a member of the Central European Free Trade Association (1997), NATO (2004) and the European Union (2007). Thus, Bulgaria found its place alongside the European states and joined the EU single family. It is worth mentioning that there is still a difference between the economic indicators of old European Union countries and of Bulgaria and Romania; however, the tendency is that the gap between their development levels is decreasing. Bulgaria’s GDP increased from $ 34.4 billion in 2006 to $69.1.5 billion in 2020 and GDP per capita increased from $4523 to $ 9975. Other economic performance indicators of Romania have also improved. Bulgaria accounts for 1.28% of EU GDP. Intra-EU trade accounts for 69% of Bulgaria’s exports, while outside the EU 8% go to Turkey and 3% to China. In terms of imports, 64% come from EU Member States, while outside the EU 10% come from Russia and 6% from Turkey. It should be noted that trade and economic relations between Georgia and Bulgaria are dynamically developing. Bulgaria strongly supports Georgia’s European and Euro-Atlantic integration processes. Romania is the first EU member state which ratified the Association Agreements between Georgia and the EU. en_US
dc.language.iso ge en_US
dc.publisher Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Press en_US
dc.subject Bulgaria, Economic integration, European Union en_US
dc.title Bulgaria in European integration process en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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