DSpace Repository

მოდერნისტული ფორმა გერტრუდ სტაინის "ელის ბ. ტოკლასის ავტობიოგრაფიაში"

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author გელიაშვილი, სოფიკო
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-24T08:33:44Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-24T08:33:44Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation ამერიკის შესწავლის საკითხები, VIII, 2021, გვ.: 325-337 / Journal of American Studies, VIII, 2021, p.: 325-337 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1512-1585
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.tsu.ge/xmlui/handle/123456789/947
dc.description.abstract Modernist literature has its origins in the fi rst part of the 20th century. Anglo-American Modernist writers in general rebelled against clear-cut storytelling and formulaic verse from the 19th century and infl uenced not only fi ction, but traditional autobiographical practice and works. “The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas” was written by Gertrude Stein is considered one of the richest and most irreverent biographies in history; It seemed to exemplify the incorporation of the pre-war avant-garde into a much broader modernism. Published in 1933 “The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas” was written by Gertrude Stein in the style and voice of her life partner, Alice B. Toklas. The paper puts forth distinctive form and style of Stein’s autobiography. Based on unique structure of this autobiography paper shows how Stein’s massive reimagining of traditional autobiographical form. Stein’s distinctive style can be easily found in this book as autobiography turns out to be a portrait of Stein herself, telling us much more about the particular episode of her life than it does about biographical details. Distinctive feature of modernist writing is that Stein writes in the fi rst person, taking on the persona of Toklas in order to examine her own life and identity. So, paper is mainly focused on structure and use of modernist techniques. The autobiography begins when Alice B. Toklas moved to France in 1907. All of the seven chapters of the book are connected with Paris and are recounting the vibrant and literary life of among the Parisian avant-garde. Alice opens the doors to the literary salons she held in her home hosting fellow expatriate American writers such as Ernest Hemingway, T. S. Eliot, and Ezra Pound. Author tends to ignore any other historical periods as less important compared to 1910-1920ies. Interesting fact from modernist perspective, is that the author introduces us the third character. Biography is written in the voice of Alice B. Toklas, so that, aside from making a real present of her past, Stein created a fi gure of herself as seen by Toklas. Because the reader is to assume that the autobiography was written by Steins’ friend Alice, much can be said about Gertrude that she could not very well say about herself. As a real and a fi ctional character, Gertrude can express her personal opinions on other famous artists like: Sherwood Anderson, Thornton Wilder, and Virgil Thomson, Pablo Picasso and others. So, readers have feeling that this is not autobiography of one person but recollection of other autobiographies as well. On one hand Stein is blending many artists from various countries, but same time author always underlines their distinctive national identity. Still she did not refl ect an English writing style. For example, distinctive feature of autobiography is her unconventional use of capitalization, writing ‘french’ instead of ‘French,’ and ‘american’ instead of ‘American’). We also must pay attention to an illustrated edition of Gertrude Stein’s, The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas bursting with the bright, sophisticated, and fanciful images which cannot explain anything to readers. On contrary, like the protagonist in the center of the autobiography, these images are making autobiography more confusing. en_US
dc.language.iso ge en_US
dc.publisher უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა en_US
dc.subject მოდერნიზმი en_US
dc.subject აშშ en_US
dc.subject ლიტერატურა en_US
dc.subject Modernism en_US
dc.subject USA en_US
dc.subject Literature en_US
dc.title მოდერნისტული ფორმა გერტრუდ სტაინის "ელის ბ. ტოკლასის ავტობიოგრაფიაში" en_US
dc.title.alternative Modernist Form in Gertrude Stein’s “The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas” en_US
dc.type Article en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace

Advanced Search


My Account