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აძიკვის (გოხნარის) წმიდა გიორგის ეკლესია და სამაროვანი (უახლოესი არქეოლოგიური აღმოჩენები)

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dc.contributor.author კვიციანი, ზვიად
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-29T07:57:23Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-29T07:57:23Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.citation აკადემიკოს კონსტანტინე წერეთლის დაბადებიდან მე-100 წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი საერთაშორისო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, 2021, გვ.: 155-161/ INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE DEDICATED TO THE CENTENARY OF THE BIRTH OF ACADEMICIAN KONSTANTINE TSERETELI, ABSTRACTS, p.: 155-161 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://dspace.tsu.ge/xmlui/handle/123456789/973
dc.description.abstract St. George Church and Cemetery of Adzikvi (Gokhnari) is located in Tetritskaro Municipality, 20 km south-west of Manglisi, in the gorge of the river Bzistskali, on the outskirts of the village Gokhnari. 1378-1390 meters. GPS coordinates: X - 0443488 Y- 4611501 H = 1376 This gorge was quite a strategic and developed place, which is evidenced by various historical, cultural or other buildings. As for the Church of St. George, it dates back to the XI century (Kharadze, 2014: 207). It is a very important monument. Stylistically, there is a hall-type church with two outbuildings. It is built of large tiles of local Algeti gray cut stone. There is a technique of contrasting building boulders, the construction is different, with a poorly processed technique in the middle. Several construction stages can be seen. Basalt bas-relief, which was placed in the wall of Egvetri (1.85 × 0.85 m, basalt, a replica is kept in the State Museum of Georgia). It depicts four standing men (according to researchers - nobles). The mentioned inscription was first read by Ekvtime Takaishvili: “K. In the name of God, I have sacrificed the land of Varazbakur to the head of the Adzikuri Church to pray for our souls, whoever changes or whatever is left of the prayer, will be crowned with the unsuitable mouth of the deep. ” (Takaishvili, 2018). Scholars read the names of the people depicted in the bas-relief in different ways: “Elkatmon, Shota, Gamrekel, Avag” (Ingorokva, 1963, p. 123). “Shota, Gamrekel, Beshken, Varazbakur” (Berdzenishvili, 1964, p. 273). According to Ingorokva, Shota Rustaveli may have been depicted on the bas-relief. According to Berdzenishvili, the character and the inscription of the bas-relief should be connected with the Asomtavruli inscription of Adzikvi (XI-XII centuries) and should be approved by a legal act (land donation). As well as the rest of the walls of the temple, which were quite damaged from the roots of various trees. She calls for urgent attention and help. From July 24 to September 24, 2020, the Archaeological Expedition (headed by Prof. Z. Kvitsiani) conducted field archeological works in the yard of Gokhnari Church. The project planned to clean the monument from wild vegetation, debris and bulk layers and construction debris. It was planned to cut test-excavation trenches to determine the area and location of the archaeological sites in the study area. The location, intensity and depth of the trenches are determined by the vegetation, terrain, geological rocks and the location- intensity of the cultural layers. A fence wall 1.90 cm west of the temple was confirmed. Its width on the west side is equal to 110 cm. The fence extends north as well. To the north, the width of the fence wall is equal to 1 meter. Among them are fragments of thin-walled, glazed ceramics, while cleaning the north wall, fragments of the bottom of the jam were found in the bulk layer. It is glazed with scratch inscriptions. Fragments of clay pipes and tiles were also observed. On the extension of the west wall, 2 pieces of mortar were observed outside the east wall and 1 piece of hammer stone in the area. It may have been from Tilakavan. Adzikvi pottery, with its clay structure, firing technique and ornament, finds the closest parallels with 11th-12th century glazed pottery. The project included the preparation of tombstones on the south-eastern slope of Adzikvi Cemetery. These tombstones are masterfully smoothed and presented in a magnificent composition. The inscription on one of the tombstones was read by Prof. Giorgi Otkhmezuri as follows: Asomtavruli: 1 big hundred ghni is given (the last letter is Iota) 2. Ondktamst is opened with the opening of the caragms: The group of last graphemes of the first string of Palma) nd (a) k (ethyl) ta m (i) s (ta) t () can be opened as follows: A) - The last letter iota where the brackets are left open should be vie. It is difficult to say who may have been buried here, but we suppose that since Gokhnari is located near Didgori Valley (maybe the battle was going on at this place as well) and also fits in chronological order, Didgori heroes may be resting here. We also do not exclude the Samshvilde heroes In all cases, the people buried here must be the heroes devoted to Georgia and it is the duty of every Georgian to appreciate (care, study) them. Thus a full study of the Adzykvi Church and Cemetery requires the continuation of archaeological work in the future, which will clarify the character and scope of the monument. en_US
dc.language.iso ge en_US
dc.publisher უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა en_US
dc.subject გოხნარი en_US
dc.subject წმ.გიორგი en_US
dc.subject დიდგორი en_US
dc.subject Gokhnari en_US
dc.subject St. George en_US
dc.subject Didgori en_US
dc.title აძიკვის (გოხნარის) წმიდა გიორგის ეკლესია და სამაროვანი (უახლოესი არქეოლოგიური აღმოჩენები) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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