Compliance of higher education reform results with international labor market requirements in the Baltic Countries (უმაღლესი განათლების რეფორმის შედეგების შესაბამისობა საერთაშორისო შრომის ბაზრის მოთხოვნებთან ბალტიისპირეთის ქვეყნებში)

Abstract
At all levels of human capital, includes additional qualified labor resources, quality of life, tools and technologies that ensure the implementation of competitive advantages of national HC, effective functioning of HC as an intensive factor in innovation, intellectual work and development. National human capital is formed through investments in upbringing, education, culture, public health, professionalism, raising the standard and quality of life of the population. The human resources of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are the most valuable assets of these countries. As small countries with relatively limited natural resources, the future of the Baltic countries will depend on the knowledge and skills of their people. The article aims to assess the control of employment protection regulation, one of the most important aspects of labor market flexibility, and the degree of its actual enforcement, for the Baltic States. Conclusions are made regarding the compliance of the level of the education system in the Baltic countries with the international requirements of the labor market. Progress in education reform in the Baltic counters depends on reforms in other areas of public policy. These areas include public administration reform, alignment of public service policy and public financial policy with education reform. The regulation of labor relations in the Baltic counters generally complies with international standards. As for laws, most regulations are due to special laws on labor relations, and labor relations are regulated by labor contracts.
Description
1. Bertola, G., Boeri, T. and S. Cazes (1999), “Employment protection and labour market adjustment in OECD countries: Evolving Institutions and variable enforcement”. 2. Carley, M. (2002), “Industrial relations in the EU Member States and Candidate Countries.” 3. Hahn, F. (1998), “Labour market flexibility and welfare”, Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia Politica No. 223, Universita degli Studi di Siena. 4. Labour Market and Social Policies in the Baltic Countries (OECD, 18 Mar. 2003). 5. World Economic Forum. The Future of Jobs Report 2020 6. კაცარციძე მ. (2019), ჟურნალი ეკონომიკა და ბიზნესი, შრომის ბაზრის აქტიური პოლიტიკა და ახალგაზრდების დასაქმების თავისებურებები საქართველოში; 7. ლეჟავა დიანა, ამაშუკელი მარიამ. (2015) აკადემიური პროგრამების შედეგებსა და დასაქმების ბაზრის მოთხოვნებს შორის შესაბამისობის კვლევა სოციალურ მეცნიერებებში (კვლევის ანაგარიში); 8. https://www.oecd.org/estonia/labourmarketandsocialpoliciesinthebalticcountries.htm
Keywords
ადამიანისეული კაპიტალი, განათლების პოლიტიკა, შრომის ბაზარი, ბალტიისპირეთის ქვეყნები
Citation
VII International Scientific Conference: "Challenges of Globalization in Economics and Business", Tbilisi, 2022, pp. 558-562
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