ომი პიროვნული და კულტურული ტრავმის კონტექსტში (თანამედროვე ქართველი და ირანელი მწერლების მოთხრობების მიხედვით)

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Date
2019
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Volume Title
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უნივერსალი
Abstract
The given work is focused on analyzing latest wars in Georgia and Iran through the prism of literature and seeks their representation within the context of a personal and cultural trauma. This article puts emphasis on how 2008 Russia-Georgia and 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq wars have been reflected in literary works. It also offers comparative analysis and reviews research outcomes. Although there are numerous scholarly research dedicated to the aforementioned wars, certain issues still remain without a due scientific spotlight. In addition, current scholarship lacks comparative analysis of Georgia and Iran – two countries with completely different culture and mentality – which is also indicative of the research topic’s relevance. Jeffrey C. Alexander’s and Piotr Sztompka’s works on trauma and its characteristics serve as a principal theoretical framework of this article. An individual or groups of humans have different perceptions of trauma and rational reflection of trauma gives chance to transform even a devastating event into a new opportunity for positive changes. Simultaneously, trauma can overwhelm an individual to such extent to render him/her incapable to cope with this dreadful event. Literature plays a huge role in analyzing and properly reflecting upon the important events of different periods. This is because literature perfectly highlights humans’ and society’s attitude/outlook towards any given event. Tamar Phkhakadze’s, Ana Kordzaia-Samadashvili’s, Bizhan Najd’s and Jamshid Khanian’s works, with their plots revolving around war and its devastating outcome, have been selected for research purposes. The research process required in-depth study of academic literature about the war as a phenomenon as well as its causes and outcomes. Given the fact that the article is about analyzing the process associated with war – personal and cultural trauma - particular attention was given to the inquiry of research scholarship about that experience, whereas the novels of the aforementioned Georgian and Iranian writers, with reference to wars of the last decades, were used as research material. In addition, methods of psychosocial observation as well as theoretical and comparative analysis have also been applied for the research purposes.
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Keywords
War, Cultural Trauma, Georgian, Iranian
Citation
III International Symposium for Young Scholars in the Humanities (Symposium proceedings)
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