ძირნაკლი სიტყვაფორმები ქართულში

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Date
2021
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Abstract
An unusual production word forms (stems) are confi rmed in Georgian language, where production elements are presented only as affi xes, but the root is not visible. Several root-defect stems were identifi ed by Arnold Chikobava (Chikobava, 1938) and by Bakar Gigineishvili (Gigineishvili, 2016). Also, in last years several root-defect word forms were presented (Abashia, 2017; 2021): 1. m-da-b-al-i (low) 2. u-da-re-s-i (less) 3. a-is-i (Sunrise) 4. da-is-i (Sunset) 5. ga-re (Outside) 6. ga-re-ul-i (Wild) 7. ga-re-gan-i (External) 8. ga-re-sh-e (Without) 9. ga-r-s-i (Membrane) 10. ga-re-mo (Environment) 11. ga-r-she-mo( Around) 12. ga-re-tsar-i (Immoral) 13. mi-da-mo (Vicinity) 14. shi-n, shi-na (Home) 15. shi-na-ur-i(Domestic) 16. shi-g, shi-ga, shig-n-it (Inside) 17. shi-na-ga-ni (Internal) 18. s-ul (All) 19. tsar-s-ul-i (Past) 20. tsa-s-ul-i (Went), mo-s-ul-i (Come)… We propose that in this series of word forms we should imply the following root-defect stems 21. ze-mo; ze-v-it; ze-da; ze-na (Upper) u-ze-na-e-si (Supreme) 22. u-ze-na-e-si (God) 23. ze-gard-mo (Divine) 24. ze-gan-i (Plateau) 25. ze-re; ze-re-le (Superfi cial) 26. ze-tsa-ri(Sheet) 27. tsi-n (Forward); tsi-na (In front of); tsi-na-she (Before); tsi-na-s-tsar (Beforehand) 28. ga-mo; ga-mo-is-ob-it (Because)… In our opinion, in analytical stems, roots are not confi rmed, but proper root access in forms reconstructed as archetypes, is natural. We also think, such a root is the Val root of verb, loss of which resulted in the root-defect stems. Segmentation of the presented stems into diff erent affi xes and the lack of proper root and the validity of the reconstruction will be considered in the paper.
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კონფერენცია მიძღვნილია აკადემიკოს კოტე წერეთლის 100 წლის იუბილესადმი/ DEDICATED TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF ACADEMICIAN KONSTANTINE TSERETELI
Keywords
სიტყვაფორმები, ძირნაკლი, აფიქსები, Word forms, Root-defect, Affixes
Citation
XV საფაკულტეტო სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, ივლისი 5-6, 2021, 3-7 გვ./ XV Faculty Scientific Conference, Abstracts, July 5-6, 2021, pp. 3-7