მიმართვის ადგილისათვის რთულ წინადადებაში (ქართული ანდაზების მაგალითზე)

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Date
2023
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
As compared to simple sentences and sentences with multiple parts, the place of address in compound and complex sentences is a specific linguistic phenomenon and should be studied separately, because compound and complex sentences combine two or more simple sentences or sentences with multiple parts. In such cases, we have to answer the following question: which of the clauses does the address refer to? In order to answer the above-mentioned question, we should identify the place of address in compound and complex sentences. In this way, we will find out the following: Which of the clauses does the address refer to? Is it semantically related to the entire compound or complex sentence or only to the clause in which it is placed? As forms of address are used in numerous proverbs, we have selected Georgian proverbs as the empirical material for analysis. With regard to the place of address in compound or complex sentences and identification of its semantic relation with the components of such sentences, we have distinguished the following cases: 1. The address is placed in a certain part of a compound or complex sentence and at the same time forms a semantic relationship with other parts. For instance, a compound sentence: ცეცხლო, ახლოს ხელი დამწვი, შორს გივლი − გული მტკივაო. tsetsxlo, axlos xeli damts’vi, shors givli – guli mt’ki’vao. “Fire, when I am near you, you burn my hand, and when I am far from you, my heart aches”; A complex sentence: სიძევ, რაც გვიან-გვიან მოხვალ, უფრო შეგვიყვარდებიო. sidzev, rats gvian-gvian moxval, upro shegviq’vardebio. “Son-in-law, the later you arrive, the more we will love you”; 2. Each of the clauses contains a form of address, for instance, a compound sentence: ბერო, მადლი წაგიწყდა და, მონაზონო, სალოცავიო. bero, madli ts’agits’q’da da, monazono, salotsavio. “Monk, your grace is depraved and, nun, your shrine is depraved too”; 3. The address is given in one clause only and does not form a semantic relationship with any other clause: • A compound sentence: ყველა ჩირი მიჭამია, შენ რაღა ხარ, ლეღვის ჩირო? q’vela chiri mich’amia, shen raγa xar, leγvis chiro? “I have tasted all kinds of dried fruit; why can’t I taste you, dried fig? • In a complex sentence, the address is given in the main clause, forms its semantic component, and is not related to the subordinate clause: კარგი ხარ, კარის მამულო, რომ არა გჭამდეს მამალი. k’argi xar, k’aris mamulo, rom ara gch’amdes mamali. "You are good, estate, if you don't get eaten by a rooster". The paper has been implemented within the framework of a project “Information Structure and the Hypotactic Patterns of Kartvelian Languages”, FR-21-352, financed by Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation.
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ეძღვნება პროფესორ ფარნაოზ ერთელიშვილის დაბადებიდან მე-100 წლისთავს/ Dedicated to the 100th Birthday of Prof. Parnaoz Ertelishvili
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სამეცნიერო შრომების კრებული, ქართველური ენათმეცნიერება, IX, 2023, გვ.: 114-122/ COLLECTED SCIENTIFIC WORKS, KARTVELIAN LINGUISTICS, IX, 2023, pp.: 114-122
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