სასამართლო პროცესი საბჭოთა კავშირში ანდრეი ვლასოვისა და რგა-ს ხელმძღვანელების წინააღმდეგ

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Date
2019
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
უნივერსალი
Abstract
General Vlasov and his followers are unconditionally recognized as traitors in Soviet and modern Russian historiography. Often the reasons that prompted them to switch to the other side are either not considered at all, or considered through the prism of accusations of betrayal. In the article, I tried to understand how truthful these accusations correspond are. In the report, I analysed the biographies of General Vlasov and his associates to find out how many of them were professional officers. They all were senior officers of the Red Army and held high posts in the Soviet armed forces. Each of them was an expert in their field. It would seem that they all had no reason to switch sides. However, you should not lose sight of several key factors, which I also examined in this article. Some of the officers, such as Bunyachenko, lost the units entrusted to them as a result of the fighting, and in the Soviet Union, especially during WWII, this was punishable. Some, such as Malyshkin, were captured during the rest. Some, like Maltsev, were repressed. At the trial, General Vlasov said that he showed cowardice - and therefore surrendered. However, based on his biography and his actions, we can conclude that the statement of cowardice is just Soviet propaganda, designed to strengthen the story of betrayal. All sorts of vices and sins were attributed to Vlasov and others back then – and that still happens now. However, given their status and professionalism, we can conclude that none of these people was the concentration of all the negative qualities that Soviet and most modern Russian historians awarded them. I also examined why the trial was closed. As you know, all the accused were high-ranking officers and holding an open trial would show that justice is the same for everyone - especially since the trials of high-ranking members of the Soviet system were not a new thing. However, the leadership of the USSR decided otherwise - and there were reasons for such decision. Case is that the Vlasovites themselves were representatives of the largest part of the Soviet country population - especially Vlasov, who was born into a peasant family. Considering that collectivization, great terror and much more were still fresh in people's minds, and what Vlasov could say, and given the possibility that these words could resonate with the hearts of Soviet citizens, Soviet leaders considered the risk of not worth it. As a result, a closed trial was held. In the article, I also gave an example of a trial of leaders of Cossack formations that fought on the Third Reich’s side. Speaking of that trial, there are also differences that I considered in the article. The methods I used to write this article include published archival materials, scientific papers, and monographs that showed who these people were. I tried to explain what was their motivation and dissolve the myth about the causes of betrayal, as well as to understand who General Vlasov and his associates were.
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Keywords
General Andrei Vlasov, RLA, Soviet historiography
Citation
III International Symposium for Young Scholars in the Humanities (Symposium proceedings)
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