დამხმარე მორფების სპეციფიკა არაბულ მორფოლოგიაში/ The Peculiarities of the Auxiliary Morphs in Arabic Morphology

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Date
2023-04-27
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
The specificity of the peculiar auxiliary morph – transfix, which is a commonplace in Semitic languages is well known in the scholarly literature. It consists of vocals only and splits the root morph comprising of common consonants, and contrasts with other gramemes of the category with its number of vocals and quality. Transfix - internal vocalism - in Arabic morphology, sometimes the consonant together with the composition root also acts as the root morph in a certain number of nouns and verbs and serves to differentiate the semantic content. Arab grammarians have happened to detect the polysemy of individual segments of morphemes as well. It should be noted that according to the modern linguistic mindset, despite their large number, segmentation into separate indicators is an important task. In general, several principles may contribute to determining the multifaceted morphological functions of phonemes: 5. A morpheme may be either divided or not divided. 6. It is univocal or polysemous. 7. It is included only in the auxiliary, if also in the root morph. 8. It is either included or not included as a segment in a morph. The said method is well suited to the complex type of Arabic morphology, given that it was originally developed for the study of Eastern languages (Thai, Indonesian) per se. Its application may become the basis for an adequate definition of the complex type of Arabic morphology.
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მორფი, არაბული ენა, მორფოლოგია, Morph, Arabic Language, Morphology
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის დაბადებიდან 147-ე წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 3-8