Reproductive disposition of Georgian students and youth

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Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Press
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, in Georgia, as in the other former Soviet republics, a general crisis erupted that covered all aspects of life, including demographic relations. The birth rate has fallen sharply, meeting only the needs of short-lived reproduction. In 2018, about two times fewer babies were born than in 1990. Under such a regime of population reproduction, the generation of parents would have been replaced by a smaller number of children. There were years when the natural growth of the Georgian population was zero. Today, the demographic situation is slightly improved, but it takes many years to achieve the desired situation. The generation of parents is replaced by the generation of children in equal numbers. But such a regime of population reproduction is unacceptable for Georgia, whose population declined sharply in the post-Soviet period, from 1992 to 2018 (from 5.5 million to 3.7 million, or 32.7%). This is an alarming situation and such a decline in population has not occurred in any post-Soviet country. Throughout Georgia, student demographic sentiment surveys were first conducted at the Tbilisi State University, Department of Economic and Social Statistics in 2019, within the framework of the targeted research project of the Faculty of Economics and Business - “Student Demographic Mood of Georgia”. The obtained data were processed and the corresponding indices were calculated using SPSS software. The reproductive mood of students and youth, that is, the attitude towards childbearing and its study, is an important condition for predicting Georgia’s demographic future. Our study gave some encouraging results, namely: students named 3 children as the desired number of children in the family and 2.8 expected. Both of these points fully support the expanded reproduction mode of the population, of course, if realized in the future.
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Demographic disposition; Reproductive disposition; Birth rate; Birth stimulating factors; Birth preventing factors
Economics and Business, №1, 2020, pp.69-79