ოკუპირებული აფხაზეთი – ინტერესთა გადაკვეთის ადგილი ჩრდილო-დასავლეთ კავკასიაში/ Occupied Abkhazia – a Place of Intersection of Interests in the North-West Caucasus

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Date
2023-04-27
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
Today, the Russian Federation has certain problems related to the "Circassian issue" in the Western Caucasus, because the genocide and tragic events of the Circassians have not been the subject of a real historical assessment from the Russian side, and the movement of the Circassian diaspora and local Circassians is still on the agenda. Russia sees a great danger even in the separate Circassian entities of the North Caucasus. As an instrument to solve the acute geopolitical issues in the region, Russia sees the indivisible and now occupied territory of Georgia – Abkhazia, where Russian propaganda has yielded results for two centuries – alienation occurred between the Georgian and Apsua peoples. By recognizing the occupied territory of Georgia – Abkhazia – by Russia, Russia wants to show the Circassians that their brother Apsua ethnic group living in the territory of Abkhazia is "protected" under the wings of Russia. The Circassian issue is still important in the agenda of international relations (Russia–Turkey relations), even though it is perceived in an anti-Russian context. In the current situation, Russia wants the occupied Abkhazia, whose "independence" Russia has recognized, to play an important role in conducting a constructive dialogue between Russia and the Circassian diaspora, but under certain conditions. Ethnic Apsuas, both in Abkhazia and in the diaspora, are "in debt" to Russia for declaring Abkhazia's independence. Therefore, Apsuas consider it expedient to help Russia in solving the "Circassian issue" in accordance with Russia's interests. In this geopolitical context, Georgia is ignored by Russia, and official Georgia is not active in discussing this issue with the international community. The research is conducted on the basis of empirical material.
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ოკუპირებული აფხაზეთი, ჩერქეზული საკითხი, გეოპოლიტიკა, საერთაშორისო ურთიერთობები, საქართველო, Occupied Abkhazia, Circassian issue, Geopolitics, International relations, Georgia
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის დაბადებიდან 147-ე წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 47-50