ხელნაწერთა ეროვნულ ცენტრში დაცული ერთი მუსლიმური კატეხიზმოს [P-387] შესახებ

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Date
2012
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მერიდიანი
Abstract
The manuscript (encryption number P-387), which belongs to the Islamic Shia, is stored at the National Center of Manuscripts. The timing of reproducing and turning it into the handbook coincides with the time, when Shah Ismail I (1501-1524) had announced Shia as the state religion in Iran. Ismail was bound to undertake the religion mission of Sheikh, which meant imposing Islam to the occupied territories. The manuscript P-387 consists of 12 pages. As we have learned from the description of the manuscript, it represents the fragment of big Muslim manuscript from 16th-7th centuries. P-387 seems to be the earliest among the katechismos, stored at the National Center of Manuscripts. Comparison of Muslim manuscripts [P-387, P-476, P-477, P-478, P-479,P-486, P-487, P-488;] of this type has revealed that this polemic writing (or part of the writing) with religious content is called either “Chahar Fasl” چهارفصل (literal translation: “Four Seasons”) or “Mohemat Al-moslemin” مهمات المسلمين (important and principal for the Muslim). The architectonics and introduction of the catechisms and the structure of writing coincide with each other. Persian manuscript P-387 is interesting from the point of view of giving considerably detailed information about the religious doctrine of Islam. The explaination is given to the essence and definition of: Iman, Namaz (Muslim prayer), Moharam (holy month in Islam, when Muslims are fasting during the whole month), Harama (restricted), Halal (allowed) and Shariat (Muslim Law) as well as Muslim’s obligations in front of the religion and its rituals during the whole year. Catechism puts all possible questions asked by the Muslims and Non-Muslims and answers them. Presumably, the Manuscript represents the manual for religious disputes and it preaches Islam. Supposedly, this type of manuscripts were emerging on the Georgian territory on the background of religious confrontation between Iran and Georgia.
Description
https://geohistory.humanities.tsu.ge/ge/procedings/83-shromebi/147-shromebi-6.html
Keywords
ისლამი, ქრისტიანობა, კატეხიზმო
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის საქართველოს ისტორიის ინსტიტუტის შრომები, VI, თბილისი, 2012, გვ. 205-216 / Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Institute of Georgian History Proceedings, VI, Tbilisi, 2012, pp. 205-216
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