მიღმა სამყაროსთან კომუნიკაციის საშუალებები ხალხურ ტექსტებში (მესულეთე ქალები)

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Date
2021
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Abstract
The Georgian mythological legends, in addition to the common earthly life, tell us about three parallel worlds: the heavenly kingdom, the gathering of demon virtues and heavenly life. All the three were indeed assumed to exist in a metaphysical world beyond nature, but they were not strange, inaccessible or unreal for a man. As per the Khevsurian tradition, contact with the supernatural creatures was established by preachers and elder , and contact with the dead was established by mediums. Traditional societies of East Georgian mountainous region and Khevsureti, in particular, were unimaginable without the people of this profession, as each member of the archaic society strongly believed in the heavenly world and kingdom of the dead. It may be said that the elders, rulers of settlements, preachers and mediums were the people with excellent traditional knowledge and had special skills and abilities and by using a mythic word and ritual, they were able to cognize the beyond world and traces of other extraordinary virtues. It was the visions of the elders, rulers of settlements, preachers and mediums, which helped survive the mythological images of the beyond world. Mediumship was the profession of women. The process of uttering the prophecy by female mediums was called “A retreat to spirit”. A female medium, to utter the prophecy, had to go to the spiritual world and inform the attending society about the wish of the spirits. The process of uttering the prophecy was improvised and artistic. However, it may be said that the medium had a kind of a ready traditional text of a prophecy, a certain pattern, which she could not change because the prophecy, preaching and mourning – all these texts, according to the Khevsurian oral tradition, were to made up of nine-syllable rhyme verses. The female mediums were highly poetic. At the same time, they played an important role in the daily life of a traditional society.
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კონფერენცია ეძღვნება ჭაბუა ამირეჯიბის დაბადებიდან 100 წლის იუბილეს/ The Conference is Dedicated to the 100th Anniversary of Chabua Amirejibi
Keywords
ფოლკლორი, მითოლოგია, ქართული ფოლკლორი, Folklore, Mythology, Georgian Folklore
Citation
საერთაშორისო სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია: 1921 წლის ისტორიულ-კულტურული მოვლენები: ხედვა საუკუნის შემდეგ, თეზისები, 2021, გვ. 75-78/ International Scientific Conference: HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL EVENTS OF 1921: THE VISION A CENTURY LATER, Theses, 2021, pp.: 75-78