კარიკატურა, როგორც საისტორიო წყარო საქართველოს შესახებ ბრიტანული კარიკატურების მაგალითზე / Caricature as a Historical source about Georgia on the Example of British Caricatures

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Date
2019
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Abstract
Study of a caricature as a historical source needs its specific approach. Our paper will pay attention to some aspects of methodology and discussion will be based on empirical British material about Georgia. British cartoon archive was created by University of Kent and material for the study is taken from it. Georgia captures caricaturists’ attention in British press several times. 25 cartoons are stored herein total. They are dated back to 1956, 1988-91, 1998, 2005, 2008 and 2014. Independent variable concerning Georgian topic may be established, namely international relations, mostly Russian-Georgian relationships and the USA-Georgian relationships. Specific topic is a dependent variable – the urgent topic is the more cartoons are dedicated to it. Majority of cartoons belong to the ‘cartoons of opinion’. Only few of them are joke cartoons. Their function is to represent political attitude and opinion therefore they are less funny which is quite characteristic to political cartoons. All artists are British and as a result more or less objective concerning Russian-Georgian relationships. They represent the attitude of the west at a specific time concerning the specific topic. Bear is used as synecdochical allegory and a symbol of Russia. Other symbols have random characters, for example playing ball as a symbol of Georgia. Intended function of these cartoons was to inform the British, transfer opinion, therefore they must seem less funny and less witty. August war was the most urgent topic for British cartoonists. Thus, all cartoons related to Georgia are discussed in the paper.
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კარიკატურა, შარჟი, ბრიტანული პრესა
Citation
საერთაშორისო კონფერენცია 2018, თბილისი, 2019, გვ.: 125-129/ International Conference 2018, Tbilisi, 2019, p.: 125-129
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