დღესასწაული, მეხსიერება და იდენტობა ქართულ საზოგადოებაში (ზოგადი ასპექტები)/ Holiday, Memory and Identity in the Georgian Society (General Aspects)

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Date
2023-04-27
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
The perception of the past and the formation of memory significantly depend on the political conjuncture, a specific time and situation imposes its demands on the past, because it is known that history is one of the necessary factors for the legitimation of current public or state demands. It is also important that "the memory of the past determines the present identity~. Memory formation is the result of a deliberate process. Memory has a social nature, it is changeable and dynamic and provides a means of interpretation and representation in the process of purposeful formation of cultural identity. It is interesting how different political systems in Georgia use the holiday as a place of memory and therefore a source of identity: April 14, April 9 and May 26. The holiday is an important ritual. It is a symbolic opportunity to create and maintain an identity. During the celebration of the holiday, the emotional bond of the community takes place. The holiday as a date emphasizes the heritage, stimulates new ideas, and determines the future actions of the society. Three dates: April 14, April 9 and May 26, are associated with Georgian statehood and identity. Nevertheless, April 14 – Mother Language Day is not a state holiday, and the purpose of April 9 and May 26 is disputed. It is interesting how and what role the important dates of the recent history of Georgia played, or failed to play: April 14, April 9 and May 26. In general, a national holiday is an archetype of an institutional holiday, which is constantly charged with emotion and a solemn mood. The holiday is a symbolic area of memory that influences the formation of identity, consolidates the nation/society and plays an important role in the formation and development of state thinking.
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იდენტობა, მეხსიერება, დღესასწაული, საქართველო, პოლიტიკური სისტემები, identity, memory, holiday, Georgia, political systems
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის დაბადებიდან 147-ე წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 116-119