სინტაქსური საზღვრის გადაწევის საკითხი მეგრულში -ნი კავშირ-ნაწილაკიანი ჰიპოტაქსური კონსტრუქციის მიხედვით

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Date
2022-11-20
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Abstract
In Megrelian, -ნი /-ni/ is a subordinating conjunction-particle. It is polysemantic and, from the functional-semantic viewpoint, is closest to the Georgian conjunction „რომ“ /rom/ “that”. In Megrelian, there are four possible cases of distribution of the main and subordinate components in hypotactic constructions with member-conjunctions. Out of these four, three cases are similar to Georgian, whereas the fourth– main clause+subordinate clause+correlate is specifically Megrelian. The peculiar features of the subordinate clauses with conjunction -ნი /-ni/ are the prosodcally marked subordinate clause and the position of the correlate. In particular, the conjunction enclitic -ნი /-ni/ is added to the verb-predicate of the subordinate clause, which is followed by the correlate. Therefore, the order of the main and subordinate components is as follows: a. main clause+subordinate clause+correlate: (1) bošik do ӡγabik kidirules, kila’apesə.V-ni.SUB ukuli.CORR (Khubua:207, 34-35) “The boy and the girl fell asleep after they had played”. b. subordinate clause+correlate+main clause: (2) oseršek geetu.V-n.SUB ukuli.CORR, te boši mide’ones danǯiruša (Khubua:280, 24) “When the supper was over, the boy was taken to bed”. In both cases, the traditional syntactic boundary is moved: the verb-predicate with the conjunction -ნი /-ni/ forms a syntagm with the correlate. All this is pronounced with one common intonation. The structures under analysis are diff erent, although they have similar grounds for moving the syntactic boundary. This is due to the contacting position of the conjunction -ნი /-ni/ and the correlate.
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ჰიპოტაქსური კონსტრუქცია, კავშირ-ნაწილაკი, მეგრული ენა, hypotactic construction, conjunction-particle, megrelian language
Citation
სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია ტოგო გუდავა – მეცნიერი და მასწავლებელი, ეძღვნება დაბადებიდან 100 წლისთავს, თეზისები, 20 დეკემბერი 2022, გვ. 31-34