უძველესი ქართული საეკლესიო გალობის დათარიღების საკითხისათვის/ About the Question of Dating the Oldest Georgian Ecclesiastical Chant

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Date
2023-04-27
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
On our observation in the “Martyrdom of the Nine Children from Kola” by an unknown writer is given the oldest model of Georgian ecclesiastical chant. The priest sang an improvised chant while christening the children. This kind of chant has already been forbidden since the 4th century AC. The chant sung by the priest while christening is ended by the “Alleluia”, and is mentioned in it only twice. The fact is wellknown that after the definition of the trinity dogma at the First Council of Nicaea we meet designation of “Alleluia” three times in the psalms of the Hebrew king David. Consequently, “The Martyrdom of the Nine Children from Kola” is written before the First Council of Nicaea that was held in 325. The oldest Georgian ecclesiastical hymn is made in the age of the early Christianity, so influence of the structure of pagan hymns are revealed on it. Despite of a strong prohibition Christians of early Christianity couldn’t deny pagan belief and art straightway. In the oldest hagiographic work- the “Martyrdom of the Nine Children from Kola” the author used repetition of the word - “Alleluia” twice that was almost similar with the structural elements of the pagan hymns.
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Keywords
გალობა, საეკლესიო, უძველესი, Chant, Ecclesiastical, The oldest
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის დაბადებიდან 147-ე წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 35-37