Literary Text as a Space in the Context of Interculturality and Migration Processes

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Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi state university, Faculty of social and political sciences
The theory of interculturality includes the fields of politics, economics, education, as well as science, among them questions of sociology, art, and literature. It reflects the relations, influences and identities of different cultures. Interculturality can represent the peaceful coexistence of cultures, as well as conflicts and the fixation of cultural differences. In the context of globalization and migration processes, intercultural relations have become particularly intense. Cultural differences, along with cultural diversity, create an important intercultural unity, which is expressed in various areas. The literary text, as a space, reflects those important processes that are taking place at the global and local levels around the author. Intercultural literature as a phenomenon had existed for centuries, but over the past decades, this trend has acquired a special purpose. Intercultural literature represents literary texts, whose authors write under the influence of several cultures. The same term also refers to the synthesis of cultures and its representation in the literary text. The study of interculturality is one of the most important and key issues of modern science. From this point of view, one should mention the views on the interculturality of the German scholar of Hungarian origin Csaba Földes and the German-Iranian philosopher and cultural researcher Hamid Reza Yousefi. In particular, culture is defined as a program, which together with identity is one of the main actors. Interculturality is analyzed as a reaction and result of globalization and changes in the electronic era. The issue of culture is considered as an example; the problem of the existence of common culture in connection of their own culture and a foreign culture. The study of interculturality marks out both the issue of the existence of universal values, which are based on common values, and cultural differences, unacceptability of cultures, which create conflicts and confrontation. In the report we will discuss the representation of interculturality and migration processes in literary texts. We will consider the migration experience of modern Georgian authors according to literary works.
The theory of interculturality, Globalization, Migration, Literary text, ინტერკულტურალობის თეორია, გლობალიზაცია, მიგრაცია, ლიტერატურული ტექსტი