ეთნოლოგიური კვლევა, ქორწინების ინსტიტუტი და მისი ძირითადი ელემენტები ძველ თბილისში

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Date
2023
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
The Paper presents the ethnographic material based on Georgian traditions, in particular the peculiarities of Tbilisi marriage and mediation institute. The presented research clearly confirms the very important elements of marriage in Georgian 19th century life in Tbilisi. The peculiarities of this tradition distinguished by their specialness and individualism. However, it should be noted that in addition to Eastern similarities, European similarities were revealed even if we consider the historical-ethnographic material at the background of the study of these traditions. Historian Davit Bakradze describes the abovesaid very well in his work. The fact that the role of mediator was revealed only in Tbilisi marriages is well reflected in our ethnographic material, this institution did not operate in any other region of Georgia. It was only in Tbilisi and at the same time in most cases of marriage. We should also say here that love marriage was also justified, which was accepted and perfected by the Georgian Church. The mediator and the matchmaker had different roles, the mediator was a decent person who was not interested in taking money and was close to reality, unlike the matchmaker, and the matchmaker did not consider any shortcomings in exchange for money. In this case, a passive load assigned to the couples to be married, due to which the existing marriage ended with an undesirable result. As for the fact that the bath played a very big role in the process of checking a woman, I. Grishashvili confirms it well in his works, And finally, it should be said that in Georgian existence and Tbilisi marriage every era introduced its own changes, which were determined by the customs, spiritual needs and economic level of the population.
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კულტურის ისტორიისა და თეორიის საკითხები XXXVII, თსუ ისრაელის ცენტრი, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 242-247/ ISSUES OF HISTORY AND THEORY OF CULTURE XXXVII, TSU Center for Israel Studies, Tbilisi, 2023, pp.: 242-247
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