ტერმინ „დიასპორის“ დაზუსტებისათვის/ For the Clarification of the Term “Diaspora”

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Date
2023-04-27
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
In the period of modern globalization, due to the increased number of people willing to leave their homeland and settle in a foreign country, it becomes topical to separate the categories and the types of migrants according to the aim, the period, and other reasons for the resettlement. The goal of the presented research is to qualify and clarify the exact definition of one of the most popular terms – Diaspora – related to the migration vocabulary. The qualification of the mentioned term was the main reason for the workshop organized by the department for relations with the diaspora at the Ministry of foreign affairs of Georgia. The term Diaspora (“διασπορά") is a word of Greek origin and has the meaning of “sown” (< "to sow over, or to scatter"). In Moses's Torah (Deuteronomy, 28, 25: ἔσῃ ἐν διασπορᾷ ἐν πάσαις ταῖς βασιλείαις τῆς γῆς) the word diaspora is used with the meaning of to sow over, to scatter and it is proved by the Georgian translations of the Holly Bible too. The mentioned term initially referred to a forced dislocated ethnic group, but nowadays its meaning seems more widened; particularly, in the language of the documents of official affairs or other type sources the representatives of the diaspora are considered the group of autochthonous Georgians, born and settled in historical Georgia – currently located in the Georgian territories in the official boundary of the Republic of Turkey, as well as the descendants of the Georgian muhajirs (resettled in central Turkey in the period of Russo-Turkey war from the 70-ies of the 19th c.) and the Georgians, dislocated by force by Shah Abbas 400 years ago in Iran. In order to clarify the term and to discuss the appropriate qualification the types of ex-pats living outside of Georgia, already mentioned in the scholarly literature (Tariel Putkaradze, 2016, should be taken into consideration: (1) Autochthonous Georgians – The indigenous Georgians living in Hereti, Tao-Klarjeti and Lazeti; (2) Historical Diaspora – the descendants of the Georgians dislocated by force centuries ago from Georgia to Iran (3) Historical migrants – the descendants of the Georgian muhajirs dislocated by force 138-190 years ago in the Ottoman’s empire (4)New migrants – the Georgians resettled from Georgia in the last 30 years.
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ტერმინი, დიასპორა, თანამემამულე, Term, Diaspora, Compatriot, Expat
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის დაბადებიდან 147-ე წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 69-72