აფიქსოიდიან ტერმინთა სტრუქტურული ჯგუფები

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Date
2022
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
Elements called term elements are distinguished in the system of terms. They have a well-defined terminological meaning and indicate a specific terminological field. Term elements have semantic, structural, and functional properties. It can be claimed that these elements are ready-made, standard models for creating terms. Amongst them, affixes should be distinguished. Terms with affixes are established in all languages although the attitude towards them is ambiguous. One of the issues is whether the terms with affixes are compound words or derivatives. Theoretical research is of particular importance in resolving orthographic issues. This issue has been studied to a certain extent in Georgian scientific literature. Many researchers were interested in the terms with affixes. However, the problem has not been solved; it has yet to be regulated and resolved. Terms with affixes should be grouped according to different classifications. The following independent groups should be differentiated: terms with prefixes and suffixes, terms of foreign origin and Georgian affixes, and also, hybrid terms should be singled out independently. International affixes have their corresponding Georgian equivalents. They are translated word- for word, employed in the semantically identical meaning and frequently substitute the international affixes. In addition to international affixes, there is a tendency for some Georgian stems to turn into affixes. This problem also calls for independent exploration. In order to enhance the terminological work, we find it necessary to represent all the affixes based on their etymology in the term bank. This will improve the heterogeneous situation inherent in the formation of words with affixes. For instance, whether to write a term წინასწარ დაძაბული (tech) as one word or separately. Also, შიგამოძ-რაობა, lexical items formed by semi-affixoid, e.g. ნახევრად ბმული cf. ნახევარსიბრტყე. Georgian is distinguished by the abundance of such affixoids, and this issue needs to be studied. In some languages, there is a dictionary of affixes. Unfortunately, such a dictionary does not exist in Georgian. Therefore, the grouping of the structural grouping of affixes acquires special importance. Clarification will single out the problems concerning the issue as well as the ways to resolve it. This will also enable us to create a dictionary of affixes which has not yet been published in Georgian. It should be noted that affixal formation is a dynamic process. Many branches of science use affixes to create new terms. Therefore, this dictionary will assist the scientists to employ the affixes, both Georgian and foreign, as they express the essence of the concept more laconically and precisely.
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აფიქსოიდი, ტერმინელემენტი, კომპოზიტები, Affixoid, Term Element, Composites
Citation
არნოლდ ჩიქობავას სახელობის ენათმეცნიერების ინსტიტუტი, ტერმინოლოგიის საკითხები, V, გვ.: 92-100 / Arnold Chikobava Institute of Linguistics, Terminology Issues, V, pp.: 92-100
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