Issue of Minorities after the 2016 Parliamentary Elections Based (on the Analysis of the Ombudsman’s Reports)

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Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi state university, Faculty of social and political sciences
One of the important issues for the Georgian state and society is protecting the rights of national minorities and promoting civil integration. In 2005, Georgia ratified the European Framework Convention on the Protection of National Minorities, which contains a number of important provisions, namely: the recognition of the equality of national minorities before the law and the prohibition of any discrimination; the state should create for national minorities the conditions for the preservation and development of their culture and the protection of the fundamental elements of their identity - religion, language, traditions and cultural heritage; national minorities should be protected from any action aimed at assimilating against their will. The Government of Georgia has also adopted the National Concept and Action Plan for Tolerance and Civil Integration in 2009, to promote civil integration. Various ministries and agencies are carrying out a lot of programs and activities in the six main directions – the rule of law, education and state language, media and availability of information, political integration and civic engagement, social and regional integration, culture and identity preservation. Based on the analysis of the Ombudsman’s reports, I have focused on the following issues of national minorities: preschool, general and higher education of national minorities; availability of study of the state language; full awareness of the population of the regions inhabited by national minorities; promoting the study of the native languages of small national minorities; the problems with the Roma community and the development of the culture of national minorities and preservation of their identity. In order to overcome this problem, it’s necessary to strengthen regional TV stations and prepare Armenian, Azerbaijanian and Ossetic programs, promoting the study of the native language of minor national minorities, problems with gypsy communities and other issues. At the same time in the presentation, using the comparative method, I will also analyze problems of the national minorities (according to the Ombudsmen reports) during 2012-2016 parliamentary elections and compare them. I’ll pay attention to the amendments made by the public defender’s recommendations. This topic is discussed in the context of the integration theory.
national minorities, Education, availability of information, integration, ეროვნული უმცირესობები, განათლება, ინფორმაციის ხელმისაწვდომობა, ინტეგრაცია