Recep Tayyip Erdogan - The role of a leader in the political process

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi state university, Faculty of social and political sciences
Turkey is one of the most important links between Europe and Asia. Political changes and special activism in the ongoing processes in the Middle East region are linked to the name of Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The leader of the Equality and Development Party has been at the helm of Turkey for 20 years. His activity as the country's undisputed leader has led to significant changes in both the country's domestic and foreign policies. Amid growing domestic and foreign challenges, Recep Tayyip Erdogan has consistently and arguably purposefully changed Turkey‟s political system. In 2007, at Erdogan's initiative, the first major amendment to the Turkish constitution was made. If, after 1982, the head of state was elected president by the Grand National Assembly, in a 2007 referendum, the president would still be in office after the general election. However, Recep Tayyip Erdogan did not rush to the presidency and this post was occupied by his fellow party member Abdullah Ful. Recep Tayyip Erdogan has skillfully taken advantage of internal and external challenges to enhance his role as a leader. For President Recep Tayyip Erdo .an, who became president in 2014, he became a favorable factor, as was the Syrian conflict, which began in 2012, in order to form Turkey as a regional leader. It also facilitated the formation of Erdogan, the current undisputed leader, in a 2016 coup attempt against him. As a result of the 2017 referendum, Turkey became a super- presidential republic. The victory in 2018 will extend Recep Tayyip Erdogan's stay in power in Turkey until at least 2023, with the right to vote a second time. Tutskheba. It's should also be noted that the 2019 Turkish local elections clearly showed a decline in the popularity and rating of Erdogan and his party, especially the defeat in the Istanbul mayoral election. In addition to the Syrian conflict, the role of Turkey as a regional leader and accountable force became clear during the Karabag conflict. It is difficult to predict how effectively Erdogan (Turkey) will be able to maneuver for a long time without a strong partner in various regional conflicts (Syria, Libya, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, etc.). However, international practice shows that once a strong political leader takes over the country's political system, after leaving his politics, chaos and unmanageable processes often begin in the state.
Democracy, Erdogan, system changes, regional conflicts