The relationship between higher education and the employment market in the post-pandemic period on the examples of Georgia and Poland

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Date
2023
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Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Press
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to observe and describe undergraduate students entering the labour market in Poland and in Georgia and fill the gaps in the literature. The study uses a structured and self-administered online questionnaire. The population of the University of Bydgoszcz in Poland was 900 active students, and the students of Tbilisi State University - 4460. Cramer’s V is used to check the association between different variables. The questionnaire is in line with the International Labour Organization and the National Statistics Office of Georgia methodology. This is one of the first attempts to analyse data from Poland and Georgia and focuses on undergraduate students. The article aims to determine whether there is an association between specific variables. The authors believe that this paper will gain some attention from policymakers and can allow Governments to take action. The study shows us that the results of two different countries are not as far apart as it would have to be supposed, but Georgian and Polish education system differ toward connection to the labour market. The study can be used by regulators, researchers, scientists, public institutions and Governments. The study uses a short period to collect the data and a small sample. Another limitation of the study is the non-coincidence of the Education System in Poland and Georgia. Also, the limitation that may arise is the use of Email surveys that have several limitations, primarily being that they can appear dry and uninteresting.
Description
1. BIBLIOGRAPHY Amashukeli, M., Lezhava, D., & Chitashvili, M. (2022). Higher education in Georgia and selfassessment of graduates' competencies. Tbilisi: Center for social sciences. 2. Andguladze, N., Bregvadze, T., & Apkhazava, R. (2013). Impact of Higher Education on the formation of workforce. Tbilisi: The International Institute for Education Policy, Planning and Management. 3. Durglishvili, N. (2017). Labour market perspectives for the university graduates in Georgia. International Economics Letters, 1-6. 4. Jakubiak, M. (2012). Expectations of students of economics towards the labour market. Zeszyty Naukowe WSEI seria: EKONOMIA, 265-288. 5. Janio, J., Cywiński, A., Marek, L., & al., e. (2022). Most Frequently Asked Questions About Student Learning Outcomes in Poland. The New Educational Review, 92-101. 6. Lenart, J. (2014). Student and employment. History and the present. Przegląd Pedagogiczny, 117-129. 7. Lessky, F., & Unger, M. (2022). Working long hours while studying: a higher risk for First-in-Family students and students of particular fields of study? European journal for higher education, 1-20. 8. Malhotra, N. K., Nunan, D., & Birks, D. F. (2017). Marketing research: an applied approach. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. 9. Narmania, D., Kharkheli, M., Vardiashvili, N., & Makasarishvili, M. (2022). The role, problems and challenges of higher education in Georgia. International Journal of Teaching and Education, 34-64. 10. Zając, T. (2020). Student employment in Poland: evidence from the Polish Graduate Tracking System. Higher Education in Russia and Beyond, 25-28.
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Citation
Conference Proceedings: "The World Economy in the Post-Pandemic Period: Implications and Challenges", Tbilisi, 2023, pp. 138-143
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