დიმიტრი უზნაძე „ხუთ კარგ იმპერატორზე“

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Date
2023
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
We have been studying Dimitri Uznadze's contribution to historical science for a long time. This topic has not been covered in Georgian academic literature. Therefore, we considered it beneficial to fill this gap and study the contribution of Dimitri Uznadze to historical science. Dimitri Uznadze's research in this field is relatively little known to the general public. Obviously, such an indifferent attitude towards this topic was not accidental. It clearly goes beyond purely academic frameworks and is based on a clearly defined political agenda. We think that it is clearly an echo of the negative attitude towards the successes of the sovereign republic of Georgia in 1918-1921. The most fruitful period of Dimitri Uznadze's career as a historian coincides with these years. He was trained as historian. In 1910-1913, he passed the exams at the Faculty of History and Philology of Kharkiv University as an external student. Before the Soviet occupation of Georgia, he taught history at school. His was actively involved in the process of creating the first national school textbooks of world history. The present paper represents another step forward in understanding Dimitri Uznadze’s contribution to Georgian historiography. Our aim is to find out Dimitri Uznadze's attitude towards the „five good emperors“, namely: Nerva (96-98), Trajan (98-117), Hadrian (117-138), Antoninus Pius (138-161) and Marcus Aurelius (161-180). We have positive evaluation of Dimitri Uznadze's approach towards the rule of the „Five Good Emperors“. This, of course, was not accidental and, mainly, it could be due to two circumstances. It seems that the rule of the „five good emperors“ was very close to their political ideal, and Dimitri Uznadze must have well understood the role of a person in history. It seems that Dimitri Uznadze gained considerable insight into the governance of the „Five Good Emperors“. This, of course, is very good and is a logical consequence of his empirical, factual, material knowledge. Dimitri Zunadze was trying to help students to form correct and general understanding of the rule of the „five good emperors“. At that time, this was undoubtedly a step forward; in fact, it was the first, if not one of the first, attempts to cover the rule of the „five good emperors“ in Georgia. In our opinion, further perfection and refinement of the coverage of some issues should not be excluded, for example: Hadrian's foreign policy. If the coverage of Trajan's and Hadrian's rule more attention had been given, but same time we have minimal information about rule of next emperors, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. Also, it would be desirable to include the Georgian context - Eastern policy of the Roman emperors towards Georgia. It would be interesting for students and would awaken their interest in history.
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კულტურის ისტორიისა და თეორიის საკითხები XXXVII, თსუ ისრაელის ცენტრი, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 138-169/ ISSUES OF HISTORY AND THEORY OF CULTURE XXXVII, TSU Center for Israel Studies, Tbilisi, 2023, pp.: 138-169
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