Demographic knowledge level of students in Georgia

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Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Press
The demographic structure of the population plays a significant role in the socioeconomic development of the country. Given this importance, it is necessary to study demographic events and processes, as well as public opinion, knowledge and awareness of these issues. Quantitative and qualitative indicators of demographic knowledge level of students in Georgia were obtained from sampling statistical analysis by using SPSS software. Many general and special indicators (ratios, means and variations) were calculated and evaluated during the research process. The analysis revealed students’ different demographic mood according to gender, age, ethnicity and other groups. According to the results of the survey, 22.8% of respondents fi nd demographic problems most challenging in Georgia. Majority of them (67.0%) think that the demographic situation in the country is alarming and needs to be corrected, 28.9% consider the situation catastrophic, and only 1.0% believe that the situation is stable and does not require regulation. It should be noted that 17.3% of the students surveyed fi nd it difficult to assess their demographic situation in the country, since they have never been interested in this issue. The study revealed a low level of demographic education of students in Georgia, which is mainly due to the lack of relevant subjects.
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Demographic knowledge, demographic policy, marriage status, birth rate, gender equality
Economics and Business, №4, 2019, pp. 189-204