კულტურის საკვანძო კონცეპტები, როგორც ეთნოენობრივი ცნობიერების წყარო

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Date
2022-12
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
The concept is considered a unit of mental reflection of consciousness, which together with other concepts creates a special field – conceptosphere, the units of which are connected with each other by systematic relations. The concepts included in the conceptosphere have different values, which are determined by their role in public consciousness. Particularly important features are referred to as “key concepts of culture”. They play an important role in public life, and their knowledge is considered one of the prerequisites for cultural identification. Understanding the concept as a mental formation gives us the opportunity not only to reconstruct the mental world of the bearer of the conceptual system, his psyche, but also to determine his ethnomental characteristics. Interpreting a fragment of the world in a conceptual system is, first of all, a construction of information about a certain part of the “picture of the world”. Determining the relationship between ideographically organized linguistic units and the conceptual system allows us to consider the verbal ideographic organization as a representation of a conceptual model that includes knowledge and “value” experience accumulated by the said society. At the same time, the conceptual model leaves room for further possibilities. The report will discuss the concepts of death and life in Georgian and Russian ethnolinguistic consciousness. “Life” and “death” belong to the group that represents the universal basic complex. Attitude towards life is formed in the process of historical development of the nation and is expressed in the features of its culture, political, economic and social life. The history and culture of the nation should influence the perception of the world, the attitude towards these circumstances. On the other hand, the type of attitude towards life largely determines the behavior (including language) of a nation representing a particular language. Therefore, the verbal realization of the concept, its expressive side and the connotative field, can be absolutely identical in different languages. Despite individual differences in general theoretical issues, all mentioned directions are united by a common anthropocentric vision. Man, as a linguistic person, is not a set concept. He is the bearer of a specific culture, a representative of a specific society, which determines his ethnolinguistic status. The organizing schema of the conceptual sphere of life and death in both studied cultures is the presence/absence schema, around which the whole complex of dependent microschemas is united.
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კულტურის საკვანძო კონცეპტები, კონცეპტები: სიკვდილი-სიცოცხლე, key concepts of culture, the concepts of death and life
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პროფესორ დავით გოცირიძის 70 წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, 2022, გვ.: 31-34/ Scientific Conference DEDICATED TO THE 70TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BIRTH OF PROF. DAVIT GOTSIRIDZE, Abstracts, 2022, pp.: 31-34