EU Conflict Resolution Strategy on the Example of Regional Security in the South Caucasus

The South Caucasus is an important region for the European Union due to its geographical location and natural resources. Since 1993, the European Union has aimed to diversify its foreign relations with the help of the regions. One of the regions that the EU has helped a lot with was the South Caucasus. One of the most important issues on the EU's foreign policy agenda has been unresolved conflicts and threats in the South Caucasus. The purpose of my report is to explore the EU's strategy for resolving conflicts in the conceptual framework of the South Caucasus Regional Security Example. To study the topic, I will use qualitative research methods, in particular, literature review, through which I will develop a theoretical framework for research. In its 2003 security strategy, the European Union stressed that it must "take a stronger and more active interest in the problems of the South Caucasus, which, of course, will be a neighboring region." The European Union (EU) has appointed a representative to the South Caucasus, whose task is to promote a peaceful settlement of conflicts in the region, including the crisis in Georgia and the conflict in Nagorno- Karabakh, as well as regional cooperation. All three countries in the South Caucasus have different policies towards the European Union, and therefore each of them requires a different form of cooperation. The European Union is trying to maintain a balanced approach to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the Nagorno- Karabakh conflict, which has become an obstacle to EU-Azerbaijan relations. However, this is clearly different from the Georgian case, where the EU never hides its support for Georgia's territorial integrity and sovereignty. In 2009, the EU established the Eastern Partnership to strengthen relations with its eastern neighbors, including the South Caucasus. The Common Security and Defense Policy is an integral part of the EU's foreign policy, which aims to ensure the EU's operational capabilities through the use of military and civilian means. The EU Monitoring Mission in Countries is a specific tool used to prevent conflict and build peace. In the areas surrounding the celestial boundary. The EU Monitoring Mission is active only in situations where there is a crisis and immediate response is needed. He has limited rights to act on the other side of the border, within separatist regions, although his influence is still very important.
EU, South Caucasus, Conflict, Security