Public E-Procurement Policy of Turkey within the Context of EU Integration
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi state university, Faculty of social and political sciences
Public policy is a set of legal practices of the governments in an effort to offer effective solutions to addressed problems and social needs. Even though the public policy-making process is primarily the responsibility of the official policy actors in the countries, international actors generally have massive impact on the various national policies. The European Union (EU) is one of the prominent international organisations that play crucial roles in shaping the policies of member and candidate countries. Since Turkey has a long history of affairs with the EU, it is possible to observe the effects of the EU on the policies of Turkey. Regular progress reports for Turkey, which have been prepared since 1998, are the main indicators, that allow us to find out and analyse the determinations of the EU about the various policies of Turkey. Especially in the last two decades, Turkey carried out plenty of reforms with the aim of creating a functional public administration system. With the spread of globalisation, the expectations of citizens have risen, and innovation in the public sector has become mandatory in order to provide citizens with more accessible public services. In this context, Turkey launched its e-government gateway for the purpose of having a portal for e-government services both on central or local government services levels. Thanks to this, Turkish citizens have online access to numerous public services through the e- government portals of the various government bodies. Thus, it is ensured that the public services have become more practical, efficient and reliable. The public procurement policy of Turkey has become a significant part of public administration with the increase in the volume of public services. Moreover, public procurement is one of the essential chapters covered in regular progress reports. Turkey established the Electronic Public Procurement Platform in 2010, so as to maintain the integration with the EU and comply with the acquis on public procurement. By doing so, the priority was given to e-procurement system and processes. The most important aim of this study is to examine the e-procurement policy of Turkey by analysing regular progress reports, national actions plans, the programme for alignment with acquis, and e-procurement regulations. The study reveals that although the public procurement policy of Turkey is not yet in line with the EU acquis, the progress in e-procurement practices has been promising from a number of aspects.
E-Procurement, E-Government, Public policy, EU integration, ელექტრონული შესყიდვები, ელექტრონული მთავრობა, საჯარო პოლიტიკა, ევროინტეგრაცია