Some basics of forming marine-transportation clusters (საზღვაო-სატრანსპორტო კლასტერების ფორმირება საქართველოში)

Based on global economic tendencies and international experience, in this article cluster is discussed as one of the priorities in the process of forming and realization of regional strategies. Exactly the cluster gives the opportunity to accelerate the developing of branch/region. Developing the effective clustering model by country helps to develop technological innovations, new models of business managing, simple adaptation of new technologies in market, management, marketing. There are priorities of integration of Georgian economy and its involvement in international processes. It is proved that clusterization of logistics and operations connected with them will cause multifunctioning and more productiveness, integration of different investments will lead to effective functioning of logistic centres. Existing the free economic zone, “Porto Franko”, Seaport, multifunctioning terminals, railway network, air and land infrastructure-all of these create extra basis of clustering formations in the region. This is strengthened also by involvement of the country in international transportation corridor, economic and infrastructural reforms. There is also discussed the role of independent Georgia in the process of globalization as main linking transiting artery of east and west, south and north. This matter became actual for those big countries, such as: USA, members of EU, Turkey, Iran and China. This transiting artery is also important for Armenia, Azerbaijan and countries of Middle East in economic interests. In above context, it is discussed to separate Georgia as a corridor from Europe-Asia trade containering. As conclusion, there is shown advantages of forming trade-transporting clusters, particularly: Geolocation gives Georgia opportunity to play leading role in trade and international shipping; the potential of country as transiting and rising competitiveness of transiting corridor. Clusters can influence on public opinions, concerning ruling the territory, show the opportunities of attracting new investments and ensure the developing the economy not only in specific region, but also throughout the country; Clustering approach of economic modernization, helps the developing of regional economy, grows the effectiveness of relations between private and state sectors, enlarges the investing opportunities of the region.
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Cluster, transportation system, hub, logistic infrastructure, transiting corridor, globalization
Economics and Business, №3, 2021, pp. 127-140