Strange Bedfellows - a Comparative Analysis of Economic Geography and Geo-economics

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Date
2020
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Abstract
Starting approximately from the second half of the 20th century every scientific discipline (being that natural or social science), which is to some extent related to societal development problems, undergoes non-stop transformation. This is not the case of politization or ideologization of these disciplines (whole or their parts). Such happens sooner or later almost automatically. One may cite at least parts 19th century Western European geography or anthropology, which openly served interests of European colonial expansion of that time. The ongoing transformation is of the more fundamental character. As a matter of fact, we deal with formation of a number of disciplines that directly aim at serving interests of government authorities or influential players which (at least formally) are not affiliated with these authorities. These disciplines consult their clients on current and strategic policy making and are directly involved in popularization and implementation of these policies. We feel necessary to mark such research disciplines as a separate class “executive sciences”. This group is by no means homogenous. It can be differentiated as follows: • Research disciplines, which were directly formed based on “top-down” initiatives. Such are, for instance, numerous disciplines associated with sustainable development, green (and by now with blue) economy; • Research disciplines emerging within existing natural science disciplines, which directly serve interests of influential groups within (global?) society. Their retain names of their disciplines, inside which they emerged and develop, although they do not have much to do with the original principles of parent disciplines. Such are for instance concurrent natural and (quasi) social research areas in ecology and climatology; • Research disciplines, which were forming by cloning the preexisting research disciplines within social sciences. These form the strange bedfellows. They do not severe completely all ties with disciplines, through which they emerged, but at the same time attempt to distance themselves as much as possible from the former, in order to emphasize the particular importance, which is ascribed to them in policy development and implementation by international organizations and national governments. Such couples are for example political geography – geopolitics, economic geography-geo-economics. Our presentation aims at analyzing development patterns of strange bedfellows - economic geography and geo-economics, their current state, and to evaluate, how are they related or differentiated depending on concrete goals achieving which they serve.
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Economic geography, Geo-economics, Transformation, Strange bedfellows
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