აფხაზეთიდან დევნილთა საერთო საცხოვრებელი, როგორც სოციალური საზღვარი თბილისში/ Shared residences for internally displaced persons from Abkhazia as a social boundary in Tbilisi

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Date
2023-04-27
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
The presentation views the shared residences of displaced people as a social divide, a boundary with the rest of society. Despite the fact that the Abkhazia war took place over 30 years ago, the housing crisis for those who were displaced persists. Some of them continue to live in shared residences. The hotels operating in the Soviet era became symbols of the traumas caused by the loss of native homes. In the post-Soviet period, the spaces associated with the Soviet luxury, in the form of hotels, were connected to the theme of conflicts and IDPs. To discuss these issues, I will consider the Hotel “Sakartvelo”, which is located in the most prestigious and convenient area of the capital. A certain part of the population displaced from Abkhazia still lives in the Hotel Sakartvelo. The Hotel “Sakartvelo” enjoys a kind of “elite” status for the residents of Tbilisi and the displaced population. Its elitism is determined by several factors, one of which is that getting here required certain resources and a circle of acquaintances. Second, it is the previous life experience of the displaced people from Abkhazia, which distinguishes them from the intellectual point of view. IDPs from Abkhazia attempt to avoid attracting attention and avoid interaction with the media as much as they can in light of their tragic experiences. They make every effort to keep their hotel existence as discreet and unnoticeable to the city as possible. The Hotel Sakartvelo's structure is now considered a historical monument. The building has a lot of business interest. Numerous attempts to remove the IDPs from this building ended in vain precisely because of its “elitism”. The formal owners of the building oppress the IDPs living there as much as possible, not giving them the opportunity to make repairs. They did not allow the replacement of sewage pipes and the introduction of natural gas, due to the fact that the building has the status of a monument. Because of this, their daily life is becoming more and more unbearable. Some of those who have a certain income and livelihood are moving to a rented apartment, because living in a hotel has become more expensive and inconvenient. Based on interviews with its tenants and societal attitudes towards IDPs, I will talk about the Hotel “Sakartvelo” as a residence for them that has distinct social, cultural, and economic limitations. On the example of the Hotel Sakartvelo as an IDP residency, I will address the peculiarities of social boundaries for the displaced population and what kind of reality the hotel's location and status generate.
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აფხაზეთიდან დევნილი, სოციალური საზღვარი, Internal Displaced from Abkhazeti, Social Border
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის დაბადებიდან 147-ე წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 107-110