ფშავ-ხევსურთა ადათ-წესებისა და ტრადიციების ბიბლიური საფუძვლები

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Date
2019
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
უნივერსალი
Abstract
It is well known that religion plays an important role in shaping the culture of any nation. In many cases, exactly religious dogmas form the basis for different kinds of habitual customs or traditions. However, the nation's mentality and attitude of the society towards the perceptions of religious dogmas must also be considered. When belief of the society is merged with common sense, then tradition is conceived in its essence and is not solely based on the behavioral heritage of ancestors. But if society is focused only on the precise performance of the cult rituals of its ancestors and does not try to understand its content, then this path, over time, will undoubtedly lead to the distortion of various dogmas, and as a result, tradition will lose its original, true roots. Within the scope of this work, our goal is to provide a comprehensive study of the habitual customs and traditions of Georgian mountaineers, and in particular their religious bases. Old Testament law and parallels with Pshav-Khevsurian traditions such as marriage, host and guest, redemption of sin from ~Khati” (holy religious place), blood feuding (revenge), the Sabbath of Rest, election of Khevisberi ("an elder of the gorge", secular and ecclesiastical ruler of a Khevi in the Eastern Georgian highlands) etc. We also find interesting the similarities between the Pshav-Khevsurian and the old-testament laws, in particular the rules of outcast and corporal punishment (stoning). The study is based on both biblical texts and Pshav-Khevsurian traditions and writings, as well as the works of various scholars. So we can conclude that, the bases of most rules and traditions existing in mountain people, lays in old-testimonial religion. Highlanders' commitment to these traditions was so strong, that even after the born of Savior, in spite of the changing of a number of ancient dogmas, some people from Eastern mountain regions of Georgia still continued to follow these traditions in the 19th century as well. In many cases, it was a lack of moral judgment and a blind realization of the behavioral heritage of ancestors, what in some cases estranges mentality of the mountaineers from Christian ideology, what in its very essence is based on humanity principles. Thus, the above is a reason that many traditions have been influenced under various, local religious factors.
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Keywords
Scriptural Bases, Pshav-Khevsurian, Customs, Traditions
Citation
III International Symposium for Young Scholars in the Humanities (Symposium proceedings)
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