განათლება საქართველოს ებრაულ დიასპორაში

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Date
2023
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
In 19th century (and earlier) Georgia, Jewishness played a very insignificant role socially and intellectually. The main goal of the Jews, who were virtually self-isolated from the outside world and lived as isolated communities, was to earn a living. This circumstance essentially determined the fact that until the beginning of the 20th century, Georgian Jews did not show their real potential intellectual abilities almost at all. The 20th century came with new changes and brought many innovations. In 1933, the Historical-Ethnographic Museum of the Jews of Georgia was founded in Tbilisi, and it became possible to correct the shortcomings in the field of studying the past (because until then the science was descriptive in nature). Nissan Babalikashvili, Konstantine Lerner, Eldar Mamistvalashvili, Guram Batiashvili, Nathan Baazov, Itzhak David and others started to study the existence of Georgian Jews - life, their history and educational issues. It is worth noting: the book „Georgian Jews in Georgia“ by the famous historian and public figure - Zakaria Chichinadze, published in 1940; 1940-45 „Several volumes of the works of the Historical- Ethnographic Museum of the Jews of Georgia“; In 1940, academician Giorgi Tsereteli published the article "Newly discovered Hebrew inscription of Mtskheti“ in „Enimki Moambe“; 2002 Roin Metreveli's "Jews in Georgia“ was published; 1995 „History of Georgian Jews" by Eldar Mamistalashvili, 1998. "The 26th Century of Jewish Settlement in Georgia“ was published in 2009. „Doors of Prayer“ by Davit Golan; „Jewishness of Kutaisi“ by Daniel Khananashvili in 2011; Articles and essays of many authors were also collected. In 1990, the "Jewish Agency for Israel" was opened in Georgia, which continues to successfully participate in the construction of the Jewish state, and also promotes the unique phenomenon - the 26- century brotherly coexistence of the Georgian and Jewish people. It should be especially noted that since 1975, the Israeli educational scientific center has been operating at Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, where scientists and researchers are still conducting scientific research on the issues of Georgian-Jewish cultural relations, and the scientific collection „Issues of the History and Theory of Culture“ is published every year. Volume XXXVI). In addition, the Hebrew language has been taught at the university since 1944. Hebrew is also taught at Ilia Chavchavadze State University, Open Hebrew University, Jewish Cultural Educational Foundation, secondary and Sunday schools. As is known, a large number of Jews left Georgia in the 70s of the last century and returned to their historical homeland. Today, the majority of Georgian Jews are in Israel, and the process of their integration and assimilation with the other Jewish population of Israel is gradually accelerating. But, fortunately, Georgian Jews do not forget their second homeland, periodically visit Georgia and pass on their love for Georgia from generation to generation. Many scientists were brought up in proper conditions in the Jewish community of Georgia. Through their efforts, the transmission of Georgian language and Georgian traditions to the next generation continues.
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კულტურის ისტორიისა და თეორიის საკითხები XXXVII, თსუ ისრაელის ცენტრი, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 119-137/ ISSUES OF HISTORY AND THEORY OF CULTURE XXXVII, TSU Center for Israel Studies, Tbilisi, 2023, pp.: 119-137
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