ხაყანი შირვანელის პოეზიის ზოგი ასპექტის შესახებ: ქართული რეალიები

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Date
2021
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Abstract
The cultural life of Shirvan (Sharvan), Georgia’s neighbouring country located in the northeastern part of present Azerbaijan achieved significant development in the 12th century. Both towns and town lifestyles developed; in conditions of Georgia’s suzerainty, diverse relations were established. A significant Persian-language literary school was formed at the royal court of Shirvanshahs. The odes and eulogies composed by the royal panegyric poets provide ample historical data regarding the lives and activities of Shirvanshahs. Those literary works also provide information about the roles and fates of the royal poets. An outstanding representative of this school is Khaqani – Shirvanshahs’ court poet and panegyrist. Khaqani got a heavy destiny of a panegyrist poet. His creative work includes both – court lyrics and prison elegies. Khaqani’s poetry is interesting from diverse points of view. His poetry is distinguished by diversity, musicality, and complexity of form; it is rich in philosophical terms, rhetoric figures, historical and literary reminiscences, and hints. He reveals his erudition; he appears to have a profound knowledge of religion, especially of Christian theology. As it is known, on his mother’s side Khaqani was related to the Christian community and he was well-acquainted with this world. He knew Georgia quite well, he knew the Georgian language and corresponded with Georgian nobility. The poet often mentions representatives of the Georgian royal dynasty – the Bagrationi and their residences. Georgian toponyms, ethnonyms, and terms related to Georgian culture are also frequent. In certain cases, the texts include Georgian words and expressions that are rhymed with Persian words and thus create an impressive poetic effect. Sometimes it is difficult – even impossible – to comprehend Khaqani’s texts without considering the Georgian realia. Georgian scholarly literature and translation practice has always treated the above-mentioned problems with due attention and now with the increased interest toward Christian-Muslim relations Khaqani’s work is even more impressive.
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კონფერენცია მიძღვნილია აკადემიკოს კოტე წერეთლის 100 წლის იუბილესადმი/ DEDICATED TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF ACADEMICIAN KONSTANTINE TSERETELI
Keywords
შირვანი (შარვანი), ხაყანი, ქართული, რეალიები, Shirvan(Sharvan), Khaqani, Georgian, realia
Citation
XV საფაკულტეტო სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, ივლისი 5-6, 2021, გვ. 115-118/ XV Faculty Scientific Conference, Abstracts, July 5-6, 2021, pp. 115-118