ივანე ჯავახიშვილი ქართული ტერმინოლოგიის შესახებ/ Ivane Javakhishvili about Georgian Terminology

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Date
2023-04-27
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
A nation that does not develop its written language properly cannot reach the highest level of mental development" - this quote is from the famous letter of the nine Georgian scientists, which was published in 1915 in the "People's Newspaper~ N305. Ivane Javakhishvili also signed the letter with the title "About the Georgian dictionary". According to the authors, the dictionary was the necessary and most important tool that would contribute to the enrichment of the language. The letter describes the plan, which, among other things, meant updating the terminology. Giorgi Kazbegi – the chairman of the Society for Spreading Literacy among Georgians – was upset by this letter and the program later published as a book. Kazbegi considered the creation of bilingual dictionaries to be the first need, and according to Ivane Javakhishvili, the dictionary cannot be perfect if we do not work on reviving the Georgian dictionary material. "How will the compiler of your dictionary translate these words барабан, Иммунитет, Галерея and many others, if he has not studied these terms from ancient Georgian writing? " Does each one makes it up? Then what will be the significance of such fabricated terms?" Ivane Javakhishvili's reply to Kazbegi is interesting, along with other points of view, in that it contains his points of view about the principles of terminological work. Here and in his other works, Ivane Javakhishvili's attitude towards artificial terms is clearly visible. Nevertheless, Ivane Javakhishvili cooperated with the compilers of the first technical terminological dictionary - Sitkvari - and gave them some advice. In the Introduction to the dictionary, they thank Ivane Javakhishvili: "We consider it our duty to thank Prof. Ivane Javakhishvili, who gave us appropriate help and explanation for each of our appeals~. At the time, When the Nikoladze group was excessively criticized by some Georgian scientists, Ivane Javakhishvili collaborated with them, although it is also clear that he was essentially in favor of a different terminological work. It is true that he never and nowhere expressed a similar point of view about the Nikoladze and their associates, that Georgian terms are not suitable for bringing Europe closer or that an international term is more acceptable than a Georgian one, but, in general, he was against the establishment of artificially created terms, because he thought that correspondents of a new concepts had to be found in Georgian sources. He wanted to create a full-fledged ready-made base for Georgian terminology work from materials collected from all kinds of literature.
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილი, ქართული ტერმინოლოგია, Ivane Javakhishvili, Georgian Terminology
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის დაბადებიდან 147-ე წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 111-115