Problems of distribution and use of state education grants in contemporary Georgia

The article is dedicated to the problems of distribution and use of state education grants in higher education in contemporary Georgia. It analyzes the existing systems and approaches to funding tuition fees at universities in the former Soviet Union, Europe and the United States. Shortcomings of the current rule on the distribution and use of state grants are shown: low motivation to study, social injustice in the education process, unrealistic autonomy of universities and faculties in the distribution and use of state grants, a high likelihood of committing a crime by students who miss lecture-seminars and others. Various possible options for tuition reimbursement are analyzed. The views of education system experts and leading specialists in the field of education and science on the issue are discussed. An authorial model for the distribution and use of the state education grant is proposed and the advantages of introducing this model over the existing model are highlighted. The following measures are proposed to improve the distribution and use of the state education grant: The state education grant should be distributed according to the results of the Unified National Examinations. All students enrolled in the University in the first semester of study should be equally awarded a scholarship, the amount of which should not be less than the minimum amount of the state education grant. Scholarship scheduling should be done according to the results of the first semester exams differentiated according to the students’ academic performance and professional directions. The GPA system of knowledge assessment should be taken as a basis. The proposed activities are expected to increase the motivation to study, a large number of students will try to obtain and maintain a state study grant, social justice will be achieved in the process of distribution and application of grants, scholarships will be awarded only to students with high academic achievement under the GPA system. As a result of decentralization of distribution and use of state education grant, universities and faculties will be given real autonomy in the distribution and use of state grants, will be improved discipline, increased student attendance at lectures, greatly reduced students crime, and most students will be forced to get involved maximally in education process.
• ganatlebis saministro (2019). propesiis mikhedvit diperentsirebuli sastsavlo grantebis shemoghebaze mushaobs. [Ministry of Education (2019). Works on the introduction of differentiated study grants by profession.] (In Georgian). • Gorgodze S. (2017). akademiuri mostsreba, rogorts grantis shenarchunebis piroba - ras pikroben spetsialistebi? [Gorgodze S. (2017). Academic attendance as a condition for retaining a grant - What do specialists think?] (In Georgian) • Project. Unified Strategy for Education and Science 2017-2021. In Georgian https:// (last seen 10.09.2021). • rogor gamovtvalot GPA TSU-shi? [How to calculate GPA at TSU?] (In Georgian) (last seen 09.09.2021). • Sartania V. (2001). ganatlebis ekonomika (istoria, teoria, perspektiva). [Education Economics (History, Theory, Perspective). Tbilisi Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani State Pedagogical University Publishing House]. (In Georgian). • sakartvelos parlamenti, (2020). sakartvelos kanoni, sakartvelos 2021 tslis sakhelmtsipo biujetis shesakheb. [Parliament of Georgia, (2020). Law of Georgia on the State Budget of Georgia for 2021.] (In Georgian). • (last seen 09.09.2021). • sakartvelos mtavrobis dadgenileba, (2021). #283, 2021-2022 sastsavlo tslisatvis sakhelmtsipo sastsavlo grantis tsliuri motsulobebis, odenobebisa da programuli dapinansebis motsulobis gansazghvris shesakheb. [Resolution of the Government of Georgia (2021). N 283, On Determining the Annual Volumes, Amounts and Volume of Program Funding for the 2021-2022 Academic Year, Tbilisi.] (In Georgian) https:// (last seen 10.09.2021). • sakartvelos kanoni, (2019). sakartvelos 2020 tslis sakhelmtsipo biujetis shesakheb. [Law of Georgia, (2019). On the State Budget of Georgia for 2020.] (In Georgian). last seen09.09.2021 • . piroba-ras-fiqroben-spetsialistebi (last seen 11.09.2021). • saswavlo-grantebis-shemogebaze-mushaobs.html (last seen 10.09.2021). • Stipendiya dlya studentov 2021 goda v Rossii [Scholarship for Students in 2021 in Russia.] (in Russian.) vidy-stipendii-dlya-studentov-v-vuzah-rossii/ (last seen 13.09.2021). • Stipendiya studentam BNTU: kakiye vidy byvayut i skolko budut platit v 2019 godu? [Scholarships for BNTU Students: What Types are There and How Much will They Pay in 2019?] (in Russian.) (last seen 13.09.2021). • Ustoychivost universitetov v otnashenii modeli finansirovaniya sistemy vysshego obrazovaniya v respublike Kazakhistan v usloviyakh perekhodnogo perioda. [Stability of Universities in Relation to the Model of Financing the Higher Education System in the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Transition Period. Nur-Sultan, 2019.] (in Russian). pdf (last seen 11.09.2021). • stipendiya v yevropeyskikh vuzakh. [scholarships in European universities.] (in Russian). • v-evropejskih-vuzah/ (last seen 10.09.2021). • Stipendii i granty na obucheniye v Shveytsarii. [Scholarships and grants to study in Switzerland.] (in Russian.) • (last seen 10.09.2021). • Granty i stipendii v Shvetsii. [Grants and Scholarships in Sweden.] (in Russian.) (last seen 10.09.2021). • Besplatnoye obrazovaniye v Velikobritanii — granty i stipendii. [Free education in the UK - grants and scholarships.] (in Russian.) (last seen 10.09.2021). • Universitety Estonii. [Universities of Estonia.] (in Russian.) https://www.unipage. net/ru/universities_estonia (last seen 11.09.2021).
State education grant, distribution and use of education grants, social injustice in education process
Economics and Business, №3, 2021, pp. 224-240