Experience of the European industrial policy (case of South-East European countries) (ინდუსტრიული პოლიტიკის განვითარების ევროპული გამოცდილება (სამხრეთ-აღმოსავლეთ ევროპის ქვეყნების მაგალითი))

The paper analyzes the features of the industrial policy development of the South-Eastern European countries, which were caused by the need to coordinate the interests of the development of the national economy and integration with the European Union. In the stages of development of the industrial policy of the South-East European countries, the features of the transition from vertical industry to horizontal, sectoral industrial policy to decentralized territorial policy, the problems of reindustrialization after the 2008 global financial crisis are discussed. Based on the analysis, the challenges related to the multi-level management of "smart specialization" were identified, including: ineffective coordination mechanisms; lack of trust and territorial differences between government members and actors; Difficulty in forming a unified vision; agenda and expectations at territorial levels; Absence of clear political commitment to achieve active engagement, adoption of mutually exclusive measures, etc.
1. EUROPE 2020. A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth /*COM/2010/2020 final / Brussels, 3.3.2010; 2. European Commission (2010, 2011, 2012, 2017) OECD (2012); 3. Bartlett, W., (2014). Shut out? South-East Europe and the EU’s New Industrial Policy, European Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science. 4. Naude, W., Surdej, A., Cameron, M. (2019). The past and Future of Manufacturing in Central and Eastern Europe: Ready for 4.0, IZA Institute of Labor Economics. 5. Filipe, J. (2015). Development and Modern Industrial Policy in Practice, Issues and Country Experiences, Asian Development Bank. 6. Development and Modern Industrial Policy in Practice, CO-PUBLICATION OF THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK AND EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING, Cheltenham, UK • Northampton, MA, USA, © Asian Development Bank 2015. 10-11. 7. Putting the EU Industrial Strategy into action, KPIs for tracking progress and benchmarking competitiveness, European Round Table for Industry, November 2020 8. General Principles of EU Industrial Policy, European Parliament, www.europarl.europa.eu/factsheets/en
Vertical, Horizontal, Sectoral and Territorial Industrial policies; New Industrial Policy; National Economy; South-East Europe
VII International Scientific Conference: "Challenges of Globalization in Economics and Business", Tbilisi, 2022, pp. 118-124