ქართულ მჟღერ ხშულ თანხმოვანთა წარმოთქმის თავისებურებები/ Peculiarities of Pronunciation of Georgian Voiced Plosive Consonants

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Date
2022-04-12
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უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
In the initial position, voiced plosives (b, d, g) are fully voiced in languages in which a voiced consonant is opposed to an unaspirated voiceless consonant, these are – French, Spanish, Russian, Danish, Hungarian, etc. On the other hand, in such systems of plosives which contain a voiceless aspirated plosive, the phase of occlusion of an initial voiced consonant is voiceless or rarely partially voiced. As a result of acoustic analysis of the Georgian voiced plosives (b-ბ, d-დ, g-გ) in initial position it becomes obvious that the phase of occlusion may be partially voiceless or voicing of the vocal cords may begin after the plosion. Voiced occlusion is more typical for the labial consonant, which is a natural phenomenon due to the mechanism of work of vocal cords. In an intervocalic position, Georgian voiced consonants retain voicing of all phases. In the process of pronunciation of Georgian final voiced consonants, the occlusion phase may be fully voiced, partially or fully voiceless. In this case the difference with respect to an aspirated consonants (ph, th, kh) is manifested in the short duration of occlusion phase and noise. This peculiarity confirms the viewpoint of Giorgi Akhvlediani (1999: 357) concerning “voiceless mediae”. As a general conclusion it should be noted that during articulation of voiced plosives the work of vocal cords is determined not only by articulatoryphysiological characteristics, but by paradigmatic peculiarities of the plosive consonants’ system as well.
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აკუსტიკური ანალიზი, ხშული, მჟღერობა, ფშვინვა, acoustic analysis, plosive, voicing, aspiration
Citation
ქართული ენის დღისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, პროგრამა და თეზისები, თბილისი, 12 აპრილი 2022, გვ.: 39-41