ქართული მემკვიდრეობითი სახელები შავშეთ-იმერხევში: ეთნოისტორიული საკითხები

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Date
2016
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Abstract
From ethnic Georgians in the historical South-West Georgia Georgians of Imerkhvei have well preserved the Georgian language and traditions. However, in Turkey the Georgian surnames were never fixed officially, but they were kept in the memory of the people. The Georgian surnames are preserved well in the Imerkhevi region. Tradition of the Georgian surnames is proved by the ethnographic data. Existence of the Georgian surnames in Imerkhevi from the the very old time is confirmed by the toponyms as well – many toponyms carry just the surname. They are mostly the names of village districts, though among them are names of several villages too. Such toponyms were in many historical-ethnographic parts of Georgia, which point that in one concrete village there lived people of one surname. Such example in Adjara is the village Intskirvelebi. This fact shows that this village was initially populated by people of the same surname – Intskirveli. Many anthropotoponyms are proved in Shavsheti-Imerkhevi, ex. according to Russian census of 1886 in the village Akhaldaba of the Shavsheti region there were districts with the following names: Gelsadze, Gogelidze, Goginidze, Popadze, Urumidze-Arushidze. The districts of Garklobi had the following names: Kadagidze, Mikeleti … It is clear that these villages were settled by the people of the relevant surnames. The names of two villages in Shavsheti-Imerkhevi are well-known. They are as follows: Turmanidze and Lionidze. 1886 family lists say that the village Turmanidze was in the Garklobi community, and the village Lionidze was already turned into one of the districts of Chikhori. Next district of Chikhori was named Gegazelari, i.e. it was the village of the Gegadze family. Here is also fixed Petraketi. This anthroponym was also turned into toponym. Garklobi community involved the village Tsivieti as well. Name of the village proves that here lived people of the Tsivadze family. Tsivieti districts in 1886 also carried the surnames: Dughabidze, Lasuridze, Khilvadze. One of the districts of the village Balvana was named as Samkharo-oghli, and another – Kanklo-oghli; they are the same as Georgian Samkharadze and Kanklidze. Districts of Dabatsvrili were: Kopadze, Khiladze, Chugadze. A great part of Imerkhevi inhabitants remember well even today their Georgian surnames, ex. in the village Ube they name the surnames: Gorgvadze and Chividze. The register of the Russian census of 1886 points to two districts of Ube: Gorgadzelar and Chevidzelar. In most cases the surnames of Imerkhevi Georgians were formed by suffix – dze. Substitution of the Georgian suffix by the Turkish suffix – oghli – was also an ordinary event.
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https://geohistory.humanities.tsu.ge/ge/procedings/83-shromebi/166-shromebi-11.html
Keywords
გვარ-სახელები, შავშეთი, იმერხევი, ეთნოისტორია
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის საქართველოს ისტორიის ინსტიტუტის შრომები, XI, თბილისი, 2016, გვ. 167-180 / Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Institute of Georgian History Proceedings, XI, Tbilisi, 2016, pp. 167-180
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