პურცხობასთან დაკავშირებული ერთი მეტაფორული ზმნის („შეაცოლქმარებს“) შესახებ

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Date
2021
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Abstract
Until the end of the twentieth century, the metaphor was viewed as a means of expression and a stylistic device. However, scholars of the twenty- first century qualify it as one of the key means of cognition. Contemporary psychologists relate a metaphoric world vision to human cultural genesis. According to a widespread opinion, proto-language itself was metaphorical, and proto-communication was carried out on the level of metaphor. This opinion is enhanced by a famous metaphoric quotation: “Our language is a graveyard of trite (/frozen/dead) metaphors”. Metaphors are universals of consciousness. Therefore, the area of their usage is not confined to poetic texts. Observation of Georgian cultural discourse of different epochs proves that it does not fall behind literary discourse in its metaphoric nature. In this regard, the given paper analyzes one lexeme related to bread-baking – „შეცოლქმარება“ “šecolkmareba” (lit. joining husband and wife) – which implies mixing water and fl our to make dough. In Georgian, the derivational field of the compound ცოლ-ქმარი “colkmari” (wife and husband) is quite narrow. The derived words (ცოლქმრობა “colkmroba” (matrimony), ცოლქმრული “colkmruli” // ცოლქმრობითი “colkmrobiti” (matrimonial) are usually used in the direct sense. As for the verb form „შეაცოლქმარებს“ “šeacolkmarebs” (‘will mix water with fl our’), like other metaphoric units, it is based on the fictional principle and is created employing analogy. The fictional nature is revealed in the marriage between water and fl our, whereas the analogy is based on the Georgian national culture and mentality, which is largely Christian, hence, marriage is viewed as the transformation of wife and husband into one indivisible creature – “one flesh and one soul”. The paper presents a detailed analysis of the sacral basis of the given metaphor and focuses on bread as a cult realia, bread-baking as ritual behaviour, as well as matrimony, which is one of the seven sacred mysteries.
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კონფერენცია მიძღვნილია აკადემიკოს კოტე წერეთლის 100 წლის იუბილესადმი/ DEDICATED TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF ACADEMICIAN KONSTANTINE TSERETELI
Keywords
მეტაფორა, მეტაფორული ზმნა, ქართული დისკურსი, Metaphor, metaphoric verb, Georgian discourse
Citation
XV საფაკულტეტო სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, ივლისი 5-6, 2021, გვ. 139-142/ XV Faculty Scientific Conference, Abstracts, July 5-6, 2021, pp. 139-142