აფხაზური ხალხური მისტერიის რეპრეზენტაცია გ. ტაბიძის ლექსში „პირველ თაველებს“/ Representation of Abkhaz folk mystery in Galaktion Tabidze’s poem “The First Stables”

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Date
2023-04-27
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ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის გამომცემლობა
Abstract
Four-stanza poem “The First Stables” of Galaktion Tabidze stands out for its wealth of folk-symbols, which once again confirms the connection of the poet’s work with the folk tradition. The poem is full of taeps containing mythological symbolism: “the first feast of the stables”, decorating the balconies with flowers, searching for a flower of consolation in the forest at night, searching for treasure in the mountains, chasing deer on horseback in the morning, etc. The first stanza is a kind of expository part of the poem, in which the alternation of the words “we celebrating” and “they who celebrating” fills the reader with the expectation of a miracle and an elevated mood. It is clear that the poem depicts a sacred time with mythologems, some forgotten holiday and secret ritual. The team element characteristic of the holiday creates an important effect in the poetic work, because women and men take part in it team by team. Just as it characterizes a secret religious ritual, the role of women and men is differentiated in the poem: on the night before the holiday, the young women go to the forest in search of a flower of consolation, while a team of guys goes to the mountains to find the “Khazina”, the same treasure: the flower of consolation and the treasure are both artistic- mythological symbols. In them, an invisible and unknown secret is understood by people. The motif of the search for the treasure is imbued with a special sacralism in the poem “The First Stables”, because the treasure represents the highest purity in mythology. The final stanza of Galaktion’s poem describes the process of chasing deer. Chasing a deer is a common story in the folklore of peoples around the world, as is finding treasure on a deer trail. Since the deer symbolizes supernatural beings in the myth, I think that the moaning of the wounded baby roe deer, which, according to the poem, makes the participants of the celebration cry, should be considered a part of the secret ritual. As the research showed, G. Tabidze’s poem is based on the old Abkhazian folk holiday of the revival of the forces of nature and Easter, which was held in the spring: 1. both reflect the spring ritual of the first flowering, which G. Tabidze calls “The First Stables” holiday; 2. young women from both go to the forest on the night of the holiday; 3. according to the Abkhazian holiday, the purpose of women going to the forest was to search for the “five-eared flower”, while according to G. Tabidze, – finding the “flower of consolation”; 4. one of the main elements of both G. Tabidze’s poem and the Abkhazian holiday is the search for “treasure” by the guys in the forest at night (near Galaktion – in the mountains); 5. it is true that the scene of the morning of the holiday in the Abkhazian ritual and Tabidze’s poem is more or less different, but both are united by the motif of the sacred animal – the deer, which in both of them embodies a heavenly being, a suprarational substance. Thus, in the poem “The First Stables” of Galaktion Tabidze we find a representation of the ancient Abkhazian mystery, which the poet preserved with extremely high artistic skill, the mood of the holiday, deep mystery and sacred charge.
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აფხაზურ-ქართული ურთიერთობები, აფხაზური ფოლკლორი, გალაკტიონ ტაბიძე, Abkhaz-Georgian Relations, Abkhazian folklore, Galaktion Tabidze
Citation
ივანე ჯავახიშვილის დაბადებიდან 147-ე წლისთავისადმი მიძღვნილი სამეცნიერო კონფერენცია, თეზისები, თბილისი, 2023, გვ.: 63-68