The Importance of Codes of Professional Ethics in Public Moral Renewal and the Process of Legal State Building

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Date
2019-06
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Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi state university, Faculty of social and political sciences
Abstract
One of the hardest successions for post-Soviet countries is the moral deformation of society. It is impossible to create a democratic and legal state without the moral renewal of the society. The creation of Codes of Professional Ethics, in which the ethical and legal aspects are combined, serves to the solution of these tasks. A European integration of Georgia means the fulfilment of certain obligations. One of the most important requests by the Council of Europe to the member states as well as to the countries willing to integrate into the European space, is the development of Codes of Professional Ethics. The Council of Europe establishes the minimum standard of Codes of Professional Ethics and calls on States to adopt standards and principles set out in the Code of National Legislation and Code of Ethics. European Codes define the minimum standard, which should be taken into account in terms of local specifications and needs. The aim of the Code is to facilitate the acknowledgement of the functions and obligations by the employees, employed at different levels of state management and understanding of the responsibilities in the process of building a legal, democratic state. Based on the abovementioned, we can say that the employee’s understanding of his/her functions and obligations is related to the understanding of the legal area within which the officer has to act. The legal space, that is created by law has a general character and does not imply specific circumstances. Consequently, the Codes of Professional Ethics are the mechanisms, that should ensure the law, within which the person acts and shall be construed, by considering the specific environment and activity from the perspective of justice. It should also be noted, that for the legality of the law, it is necessary to have several conditions: 1. Law should contain a minimum of morals; 2. The society should be prepared for moral and ethical changes, that are known in the scientific community as a moral revolution. The latter implies adaptation of environmental conditions with timeframe, reinterpretation of values, which ensures a vital environment for nation-state. In the articles the ethical codes adopted in Georgia are discussed, that regulate the political and legal spheres. We will discuss all three branches of the government, the condition existing in executive, legislative and judicial spheres in terms of development of Codes of Professional Ethics; namely the Ethic Code of Conduct of Parliament, Ethic Code of Conduct for Political Parties and Presidential Candidates for Pre-Elections and Ethic Code of Judges. It should also be noted that in terms of elaboration of the Codes of Professional Ethics, there are many more things to be done in Georgia as for improving the existing codes also for development of new codes. The content analysis, expert survey and comparative analysis are used as a method of research.
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Keywords
legal state, code of professional ethics, morality, moral, ethic, სამართლებრივი სახელმწიფო, პროფესიული ეთიკის კოდექსები, მორალი, ზნეობა
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