საზღვრის გაქრობა მონტანაში (1864-1889)

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Date
2020
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Abstract
When Montana Territory was established in 1864, it was a land of Indian tepees. Most of the plains of Montana were unsettled during 1860ies. The last frontier was vast stretch of open country in Eastern Montana, homeland for Crows, Cheyennes, Sioux, Blackfeet and last herds of buffalo. As American settlers pushed westward and reached plains of Montana, they inevitably came into conflict with Indian tribes that had long been living on the land. Colonization of Montana proceeded slightly later. Montana’s development was initiated by the miners from the first gold diggings of 1862. Main obstacle for rapid colonization of Montana was the fact that it was remote. Montana was huge block of land and its population tripled in the 1880s. When Prospective gold-diggers flooded into the Rocky Mountains, the relentless pace of continental expansion inevitably heightened conflicts with Indians. In Montana the Blackfoot and Crow were forced to leave their tribal lands. Montana was the setting of the final episodes of the Indian Wars. Relocation of Indian, new cities, churches, newspapers, schools and farming changed Montana forever. Railroads linked once isolated Montana with the rest of the world. End of Indian Wars, destruction of buffalo cause disappearing of frontier and old Montana. Transformation of Montana form wilderness to statehood took place during 1864-1889.
Description
კონფერენცია ეძღვნება მეიფლაუერის ხელშეკრულების დადების მე-400 წლისთავს/ The 2020 Annual conference of the American Studies is dedicated to the 400th Anniversary of the Signing of the Mayflower Compact
Keywords
მონტანა, საზღვარი, შტატები, Montana, border, states
Citation
ამერიკისმცოდნეობის 21-ე ყოველწლიური საერთაშორისო კონფერენცია, 2020/ 21th International Annual Conference on American Studies, 2020